StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Cognitive Interview - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Cognitive Interview

Geiselman and Fisher developed the basic technique of cognitive interview (CI) and newer dimensions are being added to it continuously. The CI is based on social dynamics, context building, and imagery. It uses the open-ended questions, unlike the close-ended questions of structured or standard interviewing (SI) seek information from a witness.
The witness of a crime event is not able to recall the incident, as there is nothing like a photograph in human mind. A cooperative witness also finds it difficult since there is limitations of memory and perception. These problems are aggravated when information in not sought in proper way (Taylor 161). She refers to Geiselman and Fisher generally for their well-researched technique of CI. The principle of latter's research is that the memory has many fragments and that the retrieval system should have similar elements. Brown and Geiselman (14) had further elaborated the theory of Geiselman and Fisher by adding recall of events in different orders and perspectives.

The correct and more memory recall, as mentioned above, is facilitated by social rapport between interviewer and the witness. The witness is given a feeling that everything he/she says is important. Taylor (161-162) shows agreement with these pioneers in that after the rapport with the witness , the interviewer should ask open ended questions and let the witness elaborate crime related information. Periods of long silences be allowed as the witness's mind goes back to crime scene and bring out finer details. CI researchers caution interviewer to value non verbal evidences such as drawing etc.. Taylor (162) proceeds to techniques of memory and cognition after the social dynamics. She finds that both the CI pioneers have emphasized on context restoration. The witness simulates the context complete with environment, lighting, feelings, emotions, physiological condition and perception into the mind of witness through their open-ended approach. The context building reportedly yields as much recall as the whole CI
It is to be noted here that the social angle is not only the initial phase of interrogation ,it remains there always and if circumstances arouse or distress a witness , he/she/ should be allowed time out till feels safe and is in control (Memon and Hingham par. 3). A discussion of the work of CI researcher is presented in the light of these elements of the technique.

The methodology in the experiments to assess efficiency of CI uses students, children and other person by showing them a video clip or magic show and then using CI to find out the amount and accuracy of recall and other observations.
One useful experiment on comparative study of two major techniques, CI and SI, of witness examination was certainly an appropriate dimension to look for. Hence Memon et al ( 1997 b:642-651) conducted their study with 64 adolescents of between the age of 16 and 19 years. Their findings revealed that, contrary to expectation, there was no significant difference between CI and SI condition for errors and confabulations which were (Fisher PLSD= 7.19, p=.07 and (p>.05) for CI and SI respectively. The accuracy rates were also same (84%) for both CI and SI. The similar results of SI and CI here are influenced by identical components of both the interviews including the rapport building and facilitating communication. The CI differed with SI in having unique components of the techni ...Show more

Summary

CI recalls more forensically correct and centralized information and that educational level had nothing to do with the amount of correct recall though the age certainly affects it (Wells et. al. 583;. Stein and Memon 599, 603). Older persons (above 65 years) recalled much less information than younger participants in an experiment.of Gabberts et al (…
Author : prohaskarenee
Cognitive Interview Essay essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Cognitive Interview Essay"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Police Questioning and Cognitive Interview
Police Questioning and Cognitive Interview This paper shall focus at the aspects of police questioning and the cognitive interview, which is taken by the police for the interrogation and investigation into any alleged crime committed by an individual. The police questioning is always incisive in nature, which aims to unearth the truth in every format possible.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Cognitive therapy
The theory is particularly well developed (and empirically supported) in the case of depression, where clients frequently experience unduly negative thoughts which arise automatically even in response to stimuli which might otherwise be experienced as positive.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Development During Middle Age - Interview/Essay
7).The theories of Erikson, Vaillant, Levinson, and Peck deal with the foretold developments during Middle Age. Besides, theories of these psychologists, i.e. the stage theories deal with the psychological development
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Interview essay
Both of Eric’s parents work, his mother is a nurse while his father owns his own landscaping business. Eric has a typical young adult personality which is evident from the fact that his most favorite possession is
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Interview Essay
For her, teaching is a calling that when answered, provides “lifelong learning and loving opportunities.” This paper shows that being a teacher requires dedication, sacrifices, and love. Teaching is not always
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Critically evaluate the use of the Cognitive Interview in the investigative interview of witnesses
Many studies have proven the effectiveness of CI in drawing out accurate and relevant information from witnesses. However, many are also doubtful about its effectiveness. This essay argues that the cognitive interview, in spite of its
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Essay Interview
There are many benefits attached to immigration to Canada, among which my most preferred one is educational opportunities. First of all, I chose Canada for
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Interview Essay
Therefore, ambitious students will desire to study in the USA in order to be prolific in their careers. The living standards and the lifestyles of USA people are high, and it also draws people to living in USA. However, most people who come to
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation