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A critical evaluation of infection control issues for patients presenting with Tuberculosis in the eye clinic department
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiologic agent of Tuberculosis (TB) is capable of causing infection in many organs including eye; ocular tuberculosis can involve any part of the eye and can occur with or without indication of complete focus of TB
Treatment encompass antitubercular agent, Ethambutol, which inhibits the transfer of mycolic acids into the cell wall of the tubercle bacillus. It may also inhibit the synthesis of spermidine in mycobacteria. Its bactericidal action enables the drug to penetrate human cell membranes to exert its lethal effects on many tissues and organs including eyes. The present article discusses the critical evaluation of infection control issues for patients with tuberculosis in the eye clinic department.Tuberculosis or TB is a contagious, airborne disease of the lungs that is potentially spreads to other parts of the body and may be fatal. The disease can now be treated, cured, and prevented. However, inspite of the constant efforts scientists are not able to eradicate it completely. It spreads to the most sensitive population or those at higher risk especially the elderly people with reduced immunity or people with immunocompromised condition or suffering with AIDS.Elderly people are especially vulnerable for a number of reasons. First, the disease can take years to become active, so an older person may have gotten the disease earlier in life and only discovered it after it became active. Second, people who live in nursing homes and similar facilities are often in close contact with each other and the disease can spread more easily in such conditions. ...
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