StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

History of Crime - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
History of Crime

Many of the different approaches to dealing with crime are developed within those frameworks from the various assumptions and values which hold sway within that particular nation. It is more likely that, for countries or systems that believe a criminal is a product of his or her environment, money will be spent on rehabilitation and treatment with much less emphasis on custodial sentences. For those who believe people are responsible for their actions and intend to commit crimes (indeed intention, or mens rea, is required in all systems in order to convict someone of crime), the emphasis is likely to be on punishment, generally not specifically intended to address rehabilitation, such as custody. Clearly these concepts require a great deal of unpacking which will be done in the course of this essay. The key thing is to examine the various explanations as to why people commit crimes, be they biological psychological or sociological, and what sorts of criminal systems such approaches generate.
It is quite imperative to begin this analysis by acknowledging the variety of definitions of crime as used by various criminal justice systems all over the world. The variety of such definitions has been brought about by the modern society whereby some people differ on what is good and what is wrong. In relation to this, some crimes are said to be acceptable in some circumstances by some groups while others, non-criminal, actions are believed unacceptable. What then ringers in our minds is who has the power to define the term crime However, the term has had a number of definitions. To start with, a crime is said to be an act prescribed by law and is subject to punishment. It can not only be an act, but also an omission which is failure to act where law enforces a duty to act. It is worth noting that in the recent times, crimes are not only being restricted to acts and omissions that can violate that rights of other people, but also those which can either harm the perpetrator himself or the conduct is regarded as morally culpable. This kind of crime is referred to as "victimless" crime. Nonetheless, victimless crimes usually underscore the key difference between criminal and civil law in that a criminal law states that a crime is an offense committed against public welfare while civil crime is an offence committed against private interests. According to oxford dictionary, a crime is an act liable to be punished by law and as being prohibited by law or detrimental to the general public. Crime is also defined in relation to social, biological as well as psychological perspective. In general terms, a crime is a wrongful act that the judicial system considers it worth, in the interests of the public, to stifle it, for its repetition would harm the society at large. Additionally, it is worth noting that majority of the jurists opt for the term "offense" when making reference to the term "crime".

In the British criminal justice system there are two opposing models with regard to deciding how to deal with criminals. The first is a due process model. This states that an individual can never be deprived of basic human rights no matter how horrible a crime he or she has committed. Even to put someone in prison is to take away a person's inalienable right to liberty and there must be many appeals and thoroughly scrutinised process to ensure that ...Show more


Crime has been an aspect of human existence since time immemorial. It affects our lives in one way or another either as crime suspects or victims. This notion of public wrong doing can be traced back after the Norman Conquest which replaced a system of private plea-bargaining under the Anglo Saxons…
Author : olgaswaniawski
History of Crime essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"History of Crime"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Discuss the history of violent video games and its effect on crime (using case studies as examples)
The heavy exposure to the media in today’s world proves the fact that it can lay a great influence on the lives and personalities of the individuals. Video games also form an important form of this media and there has been a great increase in the use of video games as a form of entertainment for children.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Challenges Faced in the search for the History of crime and punishment in England and Wales
Criminological theories help researchers to understand various change in the perception of crime and punishment by the criminal Justice system in both England and Wales. For example the social learning theory helps to understand the history of crime in both jurisdictions since criminal records have shown that individuals brought up in environments prone to crime have a higher tendency of committing crime.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2006), they have also grown more violent, more corrupt and pervasive in society threatening not only peace and order but the sovereignty of states, particularly those that are already facing political and economic challenges.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
History of Organized Crime
Edmonds purports to have access to both documentation and organizational insiders that allow her to finally illustrate (and justify) Hill’s
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Issues in Criminal Jutice History: Crime and Punishment
What do you think about the “Bloody Code” of 1700s, taken into the context of our modern times?  Was the underlying punishment of death execution justifiable based on the crimes committed?  Was it humane or was there really no consideration for human rights since discriminations were the rule of law?
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Discuss the history of violent video games and its effect on crime (using case studies as examples)
Video games also form an important form of this media and there has been a great increase in the use of video games as a form of entertainment for children. The increased involvement of
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Issues In Criminal Justice History: Crime, Punishment & Policing
Up to this point the death penalty had been prevalent for severe crimes; however it was no longer effective at keeping crime rates down. Crime was rampant throughout the cities, and officials were looking for
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
It also arises when the people’s practical needs override existing structures for the regulation of social order (Culberson 1990, p. 2). The public’s desperation inspires actions and disorder that would otherwise be
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
History and Nature of Crime
It does not include all the offences report to the police but is only restricted to very classified evidence of reportable offences. The crimes reported in the local agencies, usually depends on some
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
The nyc history from 1980 to the present in terms
and decreasing crime rates, improved policing, infrastructure development, and a period of a key revitalization of its immigration system, following some major terroristic attacks, particularly the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Centre that tremendously impacted the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us