Population growth is one of the most serious issues faced by the world today and China has been especially affected by the issue of population growth. As an important measure to check communist China's population growth, the one child policy was established in China by Deng Xiaoping in 1979…
It emerged from the belief that development would be compromised by rapid population growth and that the sheer size of China's population together with its young age structure presented a unique challenge." (Kane and Choi, 1999). Therefore, a reflective analysis of the one child family policy in China confirms that it was developed and implemented in reply to the concerns about the social and economic consequences of the sustained fast growth of population in the country and the execution of the policy was more effective in urban areas than rural areas of China. One of the major criticisms of the policy has been that it brings about inequity against females, who are often aborted, abandoned, or unregistered and there are reports of fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization in the case of second or subsequent pregnancies. The rigorous implementation of the policy became more difficult due to social and economic reforms. However, one of the most important consequences of the policy has been that it eased some of the pressures of rapid population increase on communities and it has reduced the population of the nation by at least 250 million. In this paper, a profound analysis of the one child policy in China is carried out in order to point out some of the good and bad effects accompanying the policy.
China: the good and bad effects of one-child policy
The one-child policy, which comes under the official translation of family planning policy of the Chinese government, has been one of the very important steps taken by the government in order to control the population growth in the nation and the policy officially restricts the number of children to the urban couples. Introduced by the Chinese government in 1979 to deal with the social, economic, and environmental problems in China, this policy has affected around 35.9% of China's population today. It is essential to realize the various significant aspects of the policy in order to make a good analysis of the good and bad effects of one-child policy in China. In a reflective analysis of the essential aspects of the policy, it becomes lucid that "the aim was to curtail population growth, perhaps to 1.1 billion and certainly to 1.2 billion, by the year 2000. It was hoped that third and higher order births could be eliminated and that about 30% of couples might agree to forgo a second child. The ideal of a one child family implied that the majority would probably never meet it People were to be encouraged to have only one child through a package of financial and other incentives, such as preferential access to housing, schools, and health services." (Kane and Choi, 1999). Thus, the one-child policy was the result of a common realization that the sacrifice of second or third children was very essential for the sake of future generations of China which is the most populous country in the world. One of the crucial factors about China's one-child family policy has been that it has crucially influenced the lives of nearly a quarter of the world's population for more than a quarter of the century and it is essential to realize the good and bad effects of the policy.
A background analysis of China's one-child family policy makes clear that the Chinese government embarked on this policy in 1979, following the economic stagnation of the ...
Cite this document
(“China the Onechild Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/288853-china-the-onechild-policy
(China the Onechild Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“China the Onechild Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/288853-china-the-onechild-policy.
The confrontation remained a proxy war during the Korean War in the 1950s and the Vietnamese conflict in the 1960s and 1970s. The break up of the Soviet Union and the demise of communism, except in China, should have paved the way for more amicable foreign relations between the two countries.
The policy belief will shed light on the date that the trade agreement was signed by the heads of the eleven countries. It will also explain how trade is conducted among the countries, the tariffs used and the benefits that the countries enjoy as a result of the free trade.
U.S. Policy regarding the South China Sea (SCS)
Navigation freedom within the region is as well a contentious matter, particularly between China and United States over United States military vessels’ right to operate within China’s EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone).
Beginning in 1972, the US has viewed the region through its One-China policy (Sutter 11). This policy, according to the United States State Department, that both the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan maintain the existence of only one China, in addition to, the people of Taiwan being part of China.
In 1978 China adopted a more liberal attitude towards the two way trade. China's exports and imports increased from approximately US$15bn in 1975 to US$38bn in 1980. In 1985 it grew to US$70bn, and by 1990 it was US$115bn, this expansion by 1999 saw trade worth US$360bn.
The investigator examines the foreign policy of China. It should be noted that China is still a one-party state ruled by the communist party. Besides, China has a “new political ideology” in former President Jiang Zemin's ‘Three Represents theory’, which is now starting to catch on with the Chinese masses after almost three years of nonstop official propaganda.
In order to sustain development in the country, the Politburo believes that previous efforts are not enough when protecting the country from the global economic downturn. As the country's exports begin to slow, its real estate industry weakens, and the lost in the China's stock market by about three-fifths of its value, the decision-making body believes that the loosening monetary policy is appropriate.
The government felt this was a necessity to increase economic and social development, and improve Chinese quality of life and education. The policy was effective in reducing the overall population growth, however, this action was not without negative ramifications.
Population growth rate is critical to social and economic development. High population growth affects the rate at which an economy grows and/or develops. On the same note, overpopulation results in poor social standards and/or lifestyles. In this respect, China formulated and subsequently implemented the one-child policy in early 1980s.
172). Therefore, the selection and recruitment process should be elaborate and clear to ensure that all applicants are selected without discrimination. In IKEA, they promote diversity and by so doing, they select
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic China the Onechild Policy for FREE!