StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Observational Method in Psychological Research - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Observational Method in Psychological Research

One of the characteristic of the observational method of research is that its environment is generally authentic. Even the situation that is studied is subjected to a realistic circumstance that actually generates genuine responses. This characteristic is essential in psychological studies such that the human mind is too complex wherein extensive and intensive observation and monitoring of its activity must be recorded and analysed according to the behaviours observed from the subject of the study. Since the behaviours of the subject of study are natural responses to the actual situations that serve as the one of the factors and conditions being studied.
Observational methods enable researchers and practitioners to identify behavioural patterns within the naturalistic contexts at the time during which they actually occur, and, thus, the social validity of these systems is often a strength. (qtd in Lakin, 2005)
There are several ways in which observational method in psychological research is delivered. These different approaches in observational method are the participant observation, non-participant observation, structured observation, unstructured observation and naturalistic observation. The observed data gathered through the observation of the various behaviours from each of these approaches involve planned gathering, analysis, and interpretation. As much as the approaches differ from each other, it cannot be avoided that each of the approaches may have an advantage over the others. ("Observational") Depending on the problem of the study and the whole idea of the research, an appropriate observational approach may be identified according to the strengths and weaknesses of each approach. These observational techniques are classified according to the intervention of the observer on the research being conducted. ("Introduction")
Naturalistic observation approach is deemed as the most reliable method in studies that involve an observation of specific subjects. ("Observational") The observer in this approach does not intervene in any aspect within the duration of the study. Significantly, the participants involved in the study with whom the behaviours are being observed, do not have an idea that each of their reactions and actions are observed. For all intents and purposes, the researcher is invisible and works hard not to interrupt the natural dynamics of the situation being investigated. ("Introduction")
Due to an uninterrupted situation, the participants of the study behave naturally and spontaneously because of the non-intervention and the natural flow of the situation. The researcher becomes more privileged of observing specific behaviours of the participants according to a predetermined set of criteria. For a research study when there is a very limited concept of the research is identified and known by the researcher, this method may also be applicable. The researcher may be able to develop a hypothesis upon observation of the natural situation or event being studied or observed. ("Introduction")
However, since the observer or the researcher does not have any control on the situation being studied, he is limited in drawing meaningful conclusions about the causes of a particular behaviour that the subject has exhibited. ("Introduction") Moreover, one of the strongest issues that face naturalistic observation is ethics. Since the participants of the study are not told of the study being conducted, this becomes a violation of ...Show more

Summary

The observational method of research concerns the planned watching, recording, and analysis of observed behaviour as it occurs in a natural setting. Its key feature is a standardised, planned, and systematic approach to objectively observe and record behaviour…
Author : mherman
Observational Method in Psychological Research essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Observational Method in Psychological Research"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Research method
LIMITATIONS OF THE RESEARCH 6 Appendix 1: Research Onion Appendix 2: Learning Style Assessment Appendix 3: Building Blocks of Deductive Approach Appendix 4: Project Plan Appendix 5: Market Research Society Principles Appendix 6: Philosophy Table Appendix 7: Research Ethics Form Appendix 8: Participant Information Sheet Appendix 9: Consent Form 1.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Observational Research
1). The goal of observational research is to capture the minute details or findings that cannot be uncovered by surveys and focus groups. Observational research may either be participant or non-participant observation. In participant observation, the researcher is completely immersed in the observation setting.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Psychology of Observational Learning in Childhood:
Finally this essay will go through the various observations and the effects on the child character Zack and his relationship with John. Initially this discussion will summarize the movie and set of the observational strategy. The movie, "Kindergarten Cop" is about a Los Angeles narcotics detective, John Kimble (Arnold Schwarzenegger) who had been trying to hunt a drug dealer by the name of Culler Crisp for years.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Observational Studies
Most of the time, a pencil, paper, a watch, and patience are all that is required. Maybe due of their emphasis on laboratory experimentation as a defining feature of their field, that psychologists have often seemed unwilling to embrace observational research methods as scientific techniques for studying psychological inquiries (Naturalistic research, 2004).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Research Method
It depends on the way the team members use the resources. The way they use the resources must reduce the chance of miscommunication. The implications of the analysis can be used for discussing a general design method that assesses the multimodal wealth of the working environment.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Observational Research
Observational research may either be participant or non-participant observation. In participant observation, the researcher is completely immersed in the observation setting. On the other
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Descriptive Research
20) Because of this, the data generated to describe events or situations are more accurate. Its main limitations include lack of objectivity because there is no statistics involved, potential error in selecting cases and the cost of the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Research Method
Based on the study conducted by Inamulhaq (2012) there are often different barriers which can interfere with the implementation of proper hand washing techniques. These barriers often include lack of time, heavy influx of patients,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
What is the scientific method and how is it used to guide psychological research
Scientific method involves observation, gathering data, formulating theories, experimentation and evaluation of the hypotheses. It is a process of acquiring knowledge in an organized manner. The method
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Research method
They used 180 college-age intramural volleyball players. Consistent improvement is required in any process and knowledge field. This study was needed to improve the concurrent
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation