It consolidates communications, logistics, and planning under a central command center. NIMS is designed to operate at the local incident level as well as handle large-scale emergency situations such as natural disasters and acts of terrorism.
The NIMS is broad and sweeping in its definitions and goals that encompass training, certification, public information systems, and funding. This paper will discuss the benefits of the current NIMS document as presented and outline the underlying weaknesses of the overall management approach.
An overriding benefit of NIMS is that it spells out a chain of command for an emergency incident response. It sets standardization for the chain of command and the management structure. This can help reduce the uncertainty that exists in an emergency situation as well as minimize the competing interests that agencies may have and eliminate the conflict for control of resources.
A lesson learned from hurricane Katrina was the necessity, as well as the vulnerability, of the public communications network. During a large-scale disaster, many networks will be inoperable resulting in working systems becoming overloaded. In the case of a multiple agency response, there will be problems of network frequency and format compatibility. The NIMS has attempted to address this critical issue.
The NIMS provides for a Communications Unit whose responsib ...Show more