The public international laws entail things like the maritime laws, United Nations and Geneva conferences. The private international law simply tries to come up with where and how a case can be handled. On the other hand, human rights are said to be freedom that every individual has a right to experience. Examples of rights are: right to life, education, culture, work, freedom of expression and civil rights. Every nation has its own rights clearly set and understood by its people. International human rights are practiced in all the nations (David, pp. 3-20).
International law and human rights are very vital tools that have played a major role in protecting individuals from subjection to torture and abuse. Very many countries have joined in the practice of international law and human rights but some remain stubborn. During the cold war and post cold war era, individuals are seen to believe that the two fields will become better. Implementation of the laws has not been easy either and to reach to perfection is expected to take time.
During the cold war era, the human rights and international laws were not given very much attention. ...
Further more, the Geneva conferences led to the formation of the international laws. To date, many nations have become members of the United Nation and its main agenda is to protect individuals internationally from torture that comes from civil war and poor governance (David, pp. 3-20). For example, the United Nations was involved in helping Kenya to make a suggestion regarding its presidential elections in 2007. It saw Koffi Annan, the former United Nations chairman helping the rival political parties to form a coalition government. This was to avoid the genocide that was going on due the political indifference among the Kenyan citizens.
The international laws and human rights were expected to intervene whenever citizens of a particular nation were experiencing any kind of violation. This idea was not welcomed by very many countries as it was seen to violate the sovereign rights a nation holds. The main idea was for other states to intervene in the affairs of other nations that were violating human rights. International laws and human rights are state and not individual guided. They require the state to show how it treats its citizens. Under this, specific individuals from a country could be held responsible for violations of human rights. There is an international criminal court that came up in the mid 1990's by the UN Security Council which deals with people who violate laws of war, crime and genocide. Moreover, the Europeans have an international court that tries those who break the international laws (Javaid, pp. 200-300).
For example, other states had to meet and discuss about the Rwanda genocide war and investigate the individuals who were behind it. After the war had ended, the United Nation was able