StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Absence of Consolidation in Democratic Nepal - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Absence of Consolidation in Democratic Nepal

The political parties are marginalized and bemoan the unconstitutional nature of the existing government.1
The Maoist abandoned the democratic process in 1996 and declared a "people's war" intending to establish a Maoist people's republic in the place of the constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The insurgency was low in intensity and rural until the Royal Army was used to contain the insurgency following the declaration of a state of emergency in November 2001. The insurgents now control about 70% of the country.
At the pretext of quashing the insurgents, the king declared a state of emergency in early 2005, the parliament was closed down and he assumed all executive and legislative powers. On April 24, 2006, the king reinstated the House of Representatives In early May 2006, the House of Representatives declared Nepal a secular country.2
Despite several governmental efforts, superficial at the best, there was no institutionalization of democracy in Nepal. The very causes that feed the insurgency are also the barriers to consolidation of democracy, some of which are: rural poverty, uneven development between urban and rural areas, endemic corruption, persistent socio-economic inequalities and the frustration at the delivery of public goods and services from the government.3 The obstruction of public development by insurgents create a vicious cycle of poverty and social discrimination compounded by the existing issues of poverty, ethnicity, language, Dalits, gender rights, girl trafficking, ecocide with centralization, misgovernance, more official corruption, Bhutanese refugees, autocratic tendencies of democratically elected leaders, weak accountability to democratic pressures, effects of economic liberalization, etc. These failed to establish links between freedom and modernity with a rationalization of social, economic and political pluralism and failed to construct civil attachments of the bulk of citizens to nationhood, the political society and the key institutions of governance.4
Once a polity has been democratized, the problem of consolidation arises, which is not a mere improvement in the overall quality of democracy. Instead, this quality is a product of appropriate analyses of electoral politics and market mechanisms. '"(d)emocratic consolidation requires much more than elections and markets." Rather, a consolidated democracy is a political situation in which democracy has become "the only game in town"'5
For Schmitter, the consolidation of democracy is "the process of transforming the accidental arrangements, prudential norms and contingent solutions which have emerged during the transition from autocracy into relations of cooperation and competition that are reliably known, regularly practiced and voluntarily accepted by those person or collectivities, i.e., politicians and citizens, who participate in democratic governance."6
According to Linz and Stepan:
"A democratic regime is consolidated when no significant party within the polity attempts to create a non-democratic regime, when the majority of the people, even under sever economic crises or deep dissatisfaction, believe that democratic procedures and institutions are the most appropriate way of governing the country, and when governmental and non-governmental forces ...Show more

Summary

The serious effort of democratization in Nepal occurred in 1990 when the constitutional monarchy was established with a multi-party system, legislature and local elected bodies incorporated. This effort did not soar well especially after the Royal tragedy in June 1, 2001 caused the rapid deterioration of the political situation…
Author : gia78
The Absence of Consolidation in Democratic Nepal essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Absence of Consolidation in Democratic Nepal"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

The Struggle for Democracy and Democratic Consolidation
Amongst India’s sixty-year-old democratic experiment, achievement is the sheer durability of its liberal constitution. Almost all countries that gained independence in the post-WWII wave of decolonization have failed to carry out open and just elections, shield and boost essential rights, and uphold the civilian rule of the military.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Paternal Absence
One of the most familiar characteristics of these alternative family structures is paternal absence. Even though maternal absence from the family is existent and deeply influential on children's development, paternal absence is a much more common incidence (Beaty).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Debt Consolidation
This is also done sometimes simply for the convenience of having just a single lender to deal with. This technique could involve the transferring of liability of a number of different unsecured loans into one unsecured loan, or it could involve the transferring of the liability of the unsecured loan into a secured loan by pledging an asset as collateral ('Debt Consolidation,' par.2).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Unplanned absence
Unplanned absence With this, the company spent tremendous amount of money in meeting this kind of incidences. What is the most saddening part of this is that the company would not be able to refund this kind of expenses. In order to be able to cope-up with the recovery on these expenses and to be able not to tolerate such practices there should be a scheduled recovery for unplanned absences or in other words, a system to be looked upon by the employees in order to minimize this kind of occurrences from happening again.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Political Terror in Nepal
Nigeria, which I rated as Five, has serious internal strife; political oppression appears to be the norm; and the general public in Nigeria endures unbearable atrocities. However, I could not stop thinking about Nepal - a country that had always brought to mind the Himalayas and a Mecca for people searching for inner peace and tranquility, now embroiled in a bloody, inhumane fight for basic human rights and political stability.
3 pages (500 words) Essay
Media Consolidation
The rise of the digital age has changed how everyone makes a living in this industry so there is a lot of shuffling around trying to find a method of agreement. Recording artists income have increased in the live performance arena so the recording companies are searching for a way to keep up.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Server consolidation
There are a number of factors that have fuelled this change within the banking industry in India, the country’s liberal foreign investment policy has encouraged many global banks to set up base in India. At one hand this has increased the competition among various financial institutions and on the other hand it has also elevated the quality of service that a customer expects from the banking sector.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Political Terror in Nepal
The article on Japan was enlightening; I had not previously heard about the mistreatment of women during World War II, but, in general, Japan is stable and I gave them a Political Terror Rating of One. Nigeria, which I rated as Five, has serious internal strife; political oppression appears to be the norm; and the general public in Nigeria endures unbearable atrocities.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nepal Economy
Jute, tobacco and sugarcane processing are the main secondary sector of economy, i.e., industry. Textiles and carpet manufacturing units have emerged as a major income sharing sector for the country with a contribution of over 80 –per cent of foreign income
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Regarding Consolidation
For this purpose there is a need to remove such individuals or such measures that are unable to provide the company with adequate success. The authors
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation