Although this effect is primarily attributable to greater weight loss, evidence also suggests that reduced intake of saturated fats and high-glycemic-index foods, increased intake of dietary fiber and vegetable protein, reduced intramyocellular lipid concentrations, and decreased iron stores mediate the influence of plant-based diets on glycemia.
The number of people affected and infected by the condition is about 10% of the global population with about 2 million people from Europe. The Case Study is aimed at identifying various stages/ conditions and describing the long term experience in the nursing care and practices that are necessary in regards to the patient conditions at different stages of management.
One of the deadly complications of diabetes is coronary artery disease which is attributed to imbalance in lifestyle. Diabetes has affected approximately 200 million individuals worldwide and expected to double by 2030 (Bottino & Trucco, 2005).
Diabetes mellitus is a group of chronic metabolic disorders culminating in the elevation of blood glucose levels due to defective insulin secretion, action or both. Diabetes causes both, microvascular diseases (blindness, kidney failure and nerve damage) caused by damage to small blood capillaries, and macrovascular (stroke and coronary heart disease) caused by atherosclerosis.
Incretin mimetics like exenatide and liraglutide mimic the action of incretin hormones (glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP)), which are found in the gastrointestinal tract and function in insulin secretion. Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP-IV) inhibitors like sitagliptin and vildagliptin suppress the degradation of the incretins, thus extending their action.
s mellitus is a group of chronic metabolic disorders culminating in the elevation of blood glucose levels due to defective insulin secretion, action or both. Diabetes causes both, microvascular diseases (blindness, kidney failure and nerve damage) caused by damage to small blood
Type II diabetes mallitus is a familial disease in some cases where it runs in families. In such cases, it is most commonly a result of weight gain. Obesity is a major risk factor for type II diabetes mallitus in those
The disease normally affects insulin, whereby not enough insulin is produced to handle blood sugar level (Braham, 2011). This disease commonly affects adults but recently there has been increase in the number of children being infected with it (Goldstein, 2013).
In this paper the author summarizes the research findings that others have reported, through relevant articles. He also evaluates and comments on each study's worth and validity in systematic way. The articles were searched electronically from search in Medical Subject Headings (MeSh), EBSCOhost/ CINAHL and PubMed.
Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma and fatal ketoacidosis may result if the disease is left untreated. Complications that relate to chronic kidney and cardiovascular disease link to diabetes mellitus. There are two main
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