StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

History of China: Song Dyansty to 1800 - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
History of China: Song Dyansty to 1800

Being aware of its weakness, Song dynasty decided to make an alliance with Ching (Jin) dynasty (1122-1234) of northern Manchuria. However, the alliance was not stable and soon they turned on the Song forcing them to retreat and establish a new capital in the South in 1135. Therefore, the Southern Song (1127-1279) relates to the period after the dynasty lost control of northern China to the Ching Dynasty (Ebrey, 1999).
The Song dynasty exceeded their predecessors in the development of economy. The economy of the Song Dynasty was among the most flourishing and advanced economies in the world at that time. One of the most distinct features of Song economy was large investments in joint stock companies and in multiple sailing vessels. Highly intensive overseas trade along the Grand Canal and Yangzi River brought huge monetary gain on such investments (Ebrey, 2006, p.157). Private businesses occupied those industries that were not owned by the government and both private and government-owned industries satisfied the needs of increasing Chinese population during the Song rule. During the rule of this dynasty China became the first state in the world history that issued paper money. Although the Song dynasty left the inner China, the southern territories still controlled by them contained more than half of the overall population of the country as well as the most fertile agricultural land (Ebrey, 2006, p.167).
Social organization during the Song rule was rather complex and several largest cities in the world (over one million) emerged in China during this era. The government carried out numerous social welfare programs such as establishment and support of retirement homes, public hospitals, and graveyards for the poorest. Education was also highly developed at that time (Ebrey, 1999, p. 167).
In an attempt to increase its military potential, the Southern Song Dynasty reinforced its naval power to protect its waters and land borders and developed innovative military technology based on the use of gunpowder (Ebrey, 1999). Peaceful technologies also flourished during the Song era. Thus, many remarkable improvements to mathematics, cartography, and navigation methods were made during this period. The pound lock for the Chinese system of canals was invented in the 10th century. The device represented a notable achievement in terms of hydraulic engineering: it allowed to regulate water levels for different segments of a canal to facilitate and improve safety and capacity of traffic through it (Needham, 1986, pp.350-351).
New architectural methods and techniques were developed during the Song rule. Throughout the 10th and 11th century a series of books were written describing such aspects of architecture as structural engineering, design and specific technical tricks (e.g. slanting struts built into pagoda towers for diagonal wind bracing) (Needham, 1986, p.141). Besides, the Song era was characterized by increasing interest to history and arts. Impressive collections of contemporary arts as well as ancient relics became a distinct feature of the Song period (Ebrey, 1999).
The Song dynasty supported intensive foreign relations with its neighbors, namely India, Egypt, Indonesia, and Central Asian states that were the largest China's trade partners. However, the relations with China's closest ...Show more


The Song Dynasty that ruled China between 960-1279 AD was the sixth dynasty in Chinese history. The Song Dynasty is divided into two separate periods: the Northern Song and Southern Song. During the Northern Song (960-1127), the Song capital was in the northern city of Bianjing (now Kaifeng) and their rule spread over the inner China…
Author : alycia90
History of China: Song Dyansty to 1800 essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"History of China: Song Dyansty to 1800"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

History of China
The examinations were graded in levels as discussed below; District level People who had passed the zau jyun si (district level exam) achieved the status of tong sheng and could sit the prefectural level exams. Those individuals were commoners and about 2% of the population had such qualifications.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Politics of Northeast Asian Countries : Modern China era since 1800
The economic reforms are the most important and key aspect of the Chinese overall performance. Being the fifth largest population of the world, the Chinese changed their economic uphold and on the same time they performed optimally to inculcate this shift.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Whereas the beat and the melody of the song is an attractive component to helping it achieve a degree of notoriety, the fact of the matter is that songwriters risk a great deal if they cannot incorporate imaginative lyrics into their songs that seek to engage the listener with innovative and interesting ways to tackle a very limited subject matter; a subject matter that is almost invariably dealing with love and/or loss.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
American history between 1800 and 1877
The battle involved the union, Brigadier General Irvin McDowell and confederate Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston and General P.G.T. Beauregard. This essay shall attempt to assess the place of the First Battle of Bull Run in the history and times of USA, and the implications of the same to the Americans.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
World History from 1800
At the time, India was going through a period of great turmoil: politically as well as socially. To understand the changes happening in this period, one needs to go back further in time. 1. The Partition of Bengal in 1905, seen
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
American history between 1607 and 1800
matter is that this anger and petulance was precipitated over a very long period of time and cannot merely be understood within the context of a few months prior to the American Revolution breaking out. For purposes of understanding the key determinants of the American
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
U.S. History: The Changing Rights of African- Americans (1800-1860)
The first initiative to change the status and rights African-Americans was the banning of slavery in the Ohio Constitution in 1802. The same legislature (Ohio) also defined the first “Black Laws” which formally restricted the rights of the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Sex segregation in ancient China (Song Dynasty)
At home also sex segregation is important. It is used to make sexes cover their occupations as required. A mother is supposed to stay at home, caring for the babies, make sure that there is general cleaning around the compound,
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
History - Launching the New Republic, 1788-1800
These policies were against uniting the Americans as argued by many; it favored a few ignoring others. These caused furious oppositions from the natives and were assisted by other nations. Hamilton, who was one of
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The History of Africa before 1800: Ibn Battuta
At that point through southern Russia to focal Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India, then south to the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Assam, and Bengal (all in either India or Bangladesh), then to Malaysia and Indochina to China
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us