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Scientific Models and Religious Myths - Essay Example

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Scientific Models and Religious Myths

A myriad of scientific models have been invented and adopted in the realm of pure science and applied sciences, which gave a strong attachment of science to scientific observation and scientific methods. Objectivity, accuracy, and verifiability are of prime importance of scientific inquiry, and are the characteristics of science. These dimensions are said not to be possessed by religion, whose central configuration is faith. The locus of science being based on material objectivity through scientific methods is said to be a far cry from that of religion, which to some people, is perceived to be a locus of mythology, false and science-unaided beliefs, and fanaticism. Thus, the debate about science and religion has a history that dates back to the beginning of modern science.
Naturalism, a scientific model that defends science with its stance of reality being material, and is therefore subject to scientific scrutiny, poses that any considerations that ideas not relying in scientific investigations are foolish (Baker, 2006). The search for truth is found in the material reality - in the natural world - which can be measured and analyzed according to scientific investigations. Religion, having no scientific tools to aid such investigation, is taken as a myth. Science was able to maintain such confinement to the natural world on the basis of its ability to use testable and reproducible material data that passed through scientific methods, in which explanations lie in the domains of the natural world. It goes on to say that non-natural explanations, like the realm of religion, are non-testable and non-reproducible and are therefore non-scientific. Anything non-scientific is considered a myth or an erroneous belief by some science geeks. However, the exclusion of non-scientific explanations from understanding the natural world does not logically exclude such from the human thought, who encounters more than what science offers to him in real life. We may posit that the confinement of science in the theory of naturalism is both its tremendous strength and a dangerous trap that can limit human thought and can serve inimical to other dimensions of human-hood, such as the psychological, emotional, and spiritual realms. The positive aspects of science are seen in its naturalistic explanations that are testable an reproducible, which give a basis for laboratory and experiment results necessary for explaining the natural existence of the world. However, confining the human thought solely in the reliance of science by setting aside the trails of religion is limiting human potential.
Traditionalism is another scientific model, which is a 'close-knit' of naturalism. The basics of the traditional view of what is now called the 'scientific method' has begun developing in the seventeenth century, in which the scientists observe data, develop a theory that encompasses these data, and finally use a new theory that predicts the outcome of the study. The gravitational theory of Newton was able to mathematically demonstrate planetary motion as an outcome of the law of motion and the law of gravity (Baker, 2006). It was a shift from the non-quantitative study of mechanical systems of physical science. This scientific trend spurred a more stronghold basis for clinging on to science ...Show more


The incompatibility of science and religion had been a focus of debates for several millenniums now, and people have argued about which is held supreme between the two. Most people held on to the idea that religion is the end of scientific investigation, and science is the realm of all material proofs which religion has no place to partake…
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Scientific Models and Religious Myths essay example
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