StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Galileo and his Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina - Book Report/Review Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Galileo and his Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina

However, he rightly deemed necessary to justify himself and defend his work against shallow accusations made by people who knew virtually nothing of his science, and pretended nevertheless to refer to their interpretation of the Bible to claim that the established Aristotelian system, firm in the belief that the Earth was the center of the universe, was true despite many observations of its falsity.
The scientific information included in this Letter is very succinct, as it is a text essentially destined to be read and understood by non-scientists such as the Duchess herself. Galileo presents briefly his new conclusions about confirming Copernicus's heliocentric theory, and also diplomatically refers to his discovery of the Medicean planets, which he had named in honor of the Medici brothers who were financially supporting his work (these are the four largest satellites of Jupiter and are nowadays known as the "Galilean moons"). This mention was seemingly made to attract the sympathy of the Duchess, as well as to confirm that the Medici were in agreement with Galileo's cosmological views, thus providing him with a strong support against his critics.
Whereas Galileo does not contest that the Bible contains the ultimate truth about God, he considers that its interpretation should be viewed critically though observation of the natural world. He refers essentially to astronomy, but also makes a parallel with anatomy in that both sciences entail the study of God's creation and allow the scientists to marvel at the wonders they discover. Then, he explains that it is possible to interpret more correctly the words of the Bible in the light of the new discoveries. He justifies his faith by stating that God has given Man senses and an intellect to use in order to learn more about the work He has displayed for all to see in both the universe and within the human body itself.

Galileo's argument highlights that not all humans are intellectually equal, and that the vast majority of them is not able to understand complex matters such as the works of Nature or the texts of the Bible. In his eyes, this is only reserved to an academic elite of scholars, which he dubs "those who deserve to be separated from the herd," thus implying that most of mankind can be compared to sheep with a limited understanding of the world around them. He does not challenge the content of the Bible, let alone the existence of God, but he strongly advises that those who do not have the intellectual capacities to understand the Bible (the word of God) and the subtleties of Nature (the work of God) should steer clear of such matters whose subtleties evade them.

The Letter includes several themes that are repeated at least twice. The author's anger is clear from the start and one of those recurrent themes is that of those unjustified attacks on his work by people who do not fully understand it, but hide behind Biblical excerpts that they quote out of context, and without fully comprehending their true meaning. He accuses them of expressing groundless opinions without even trying to look any further into the science that generated the conclusions they criticize. Galileo harshly counter-attacks at the beginning of his Letter by stating bluntly that his detractors are "[s]howing a greater fondness for their own opinions than for truth they sought to deny and disprove the new things which, if they had cared to look for themselves, their ...Show more

Summary

After his work confirming previous observations that, contrarily to the established dogma of the time, the Earth wasn't still at the center of the universe but was in fact orbiting around the Sun, along with other planets, Galileo Galilei saw himself the victim of attacks aimed at destroying his conclusions…
Author : kurthauck
Galileo and his Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the book report/review on your topic
"Galileo and his Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Scarlet Letter Review
This paper reviews Hawthorne’s novel from a new, conformity vs. individuality angle. The context in which the novel was created is discussed. Hester’s silent challenge against conformity is evaluated. The paper reviews the place of Dimmesdale in the development of the conflict and assesses the gap between man’s law and personal uniqueness.
9 pages (2250 words) Book Report/Review
Christina Rossettis Goblin Market
Rossetti had a bleak childhood due to her family's financial difficulties, which forced her to continue her schooling at home. During this time, Rossetti's family became actively involved in the religious devotion of the Church of England, which was the reason behind her preference for writing devotional poetry.
7 pages (1750 words) Book Report/Review
'My Last Duchess'
The setting is a Duke preparing to meet a new crop of young women to take the place of his deceased wife and he is discussing her portrait with what appears to be a marriage broker. In discussing the color in his painted wife's cheeks, he states "She had A heart---how shall I say---too soon made glad, Too easily impressed;".
2 pages (500 words) Book Report/Review
An Examination of the Poems, 'London' by William Blake and 'Remember' by Christina Rossetti
Each of the poems from 'Songs of Experience', should be read in conjunction with his earlier volume, 'Songs of Innocence', which had matching illustrated plates. An engraver, artist, devout Christian, thinker and radical, some call him a visionary, his belief in the power of the imagination and desire to create in his own inimitable way, was unfaltering.
4 pages (1000 words) Book Report/Review
Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter
Practically, author's mother, sister and wife had made a significant input in Hawthorne's success as a literary genius. Interestingly, author's fictional illustration of women is more straightforward than to men, because they were not violent and they did not attempt to revolutionize the world.
7 pages (1750 words) Book Report/Review
Letter
It was so interesting to communicate with other students from different backgrounds about the various positions they held on the subjects were working on. That is a definite plus in this class: you really get a sense of where your
1 pages (250 words) Book Report/Review
A PERSUASIVE ANALYSIS LETTER
My study will revolve around the hazards around America and the people. There are a few more things that I would like to add before I delve
3 pages (750 words) Book Report/Review
Critique (The Peace Maker, Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 2004, Sande, Ken))
The Peacemaker is a perfect book for dealing with conflicts in every aspect of life. The book bases its theories on biblical backgrounds. Sande outlines the basic steps offered in the bible for
1 pages (250 words) Book Report/Review
The Scarlet Letter Essay
Overall, as it is shown in The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, experiencing private guilt and dealing with it all alone is much more destructive, in terms of both physical and emotional state, than
2 pages (500 words) Book Report/Review
The Scarlet Letter
Hester Prynne, a young beautiful woman, has fallen victim to the act of adultery by conceiving a baby out of her marriage, and she has now to suffer the consequence of
3 pages (750 words) Book Report/Review
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation