Plato's The Republic is a work of philosophy which takes place in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and Glaucon. And through this Plato seeks to reiterate his views on justice, virtue and the organization of a society which is perfect in every way. In book 10, he propounds what may be the first aesthetic theory pertaining to art and its relationship to truth…
At the very onset, Socrates expounds on the evils of imitative art, which is "thrice removed from the truth". He sets out to prove his point by saying that anything with a common name is believed to correspond with the same ides. He elaborates using an example - there are plenty of beds and tables but the idea behind the use of the same belongs to one only. It is the same person who makes "not only vessels of every kind, but plants and animals, himself and all other things" he is the maker. It may be possible for anyone to do the same by holding up a mirror, but that would merely be appearances. Thus in the same way a painter is a mere "creator of appearances". Getting back to the example there are three artisans who make it - one is God, who is and always will be the primary source for every conceivable idea, the carpenter who makes the bed for practical use and finally the painter who merely imitates. Therefore he serves no discernible purpose.
Socrates says the imitator is always far from the truth. He has but a smattering of knowledge which he parades as the truth and simple folks, who know no better, accept it at face value. Poets are usually thought of as veritable founts of knowledge. Homer, the legendary poet for instance is believed to be knowledgeable man, able administrator and an astute observer of human nature. But if that been the case surely he would have been at the forefront of the events in his day instead of relegating himself to the background Thus one must beware of poetry because it amounts to nothing when stripped of its colors and insidious charm.
Thus in a realm where truth has been elevated to the highest possible peak, there is no place for art which is so far removed from truth. Its banishment from the ideal society may however be revoked if it can prove to have its use in upholding truth, morality and virtue instead of detracting from it.
PLATO'S VIEWS ON CENSORSHIP
Plato through his speaker waxes eloquent on the need for censorship in art. Not only are the artists negligent with regard to truth but they contribute to moral decay as well. These imitators have no knowledge of what is good, bad or truly beautiful; they merely portray what they perceive as the real thing. The common man is carried away by the lure and charm of the arts and has no way or means of piercing this faade.
Socrates asserts that the better part of the soul is the one which seeks refuge in rationale. Poetry meanwhile appeals to the baser instincts in man. In the face of calamity most people in the grip of reason would attempt to keep calm, without indulging in wasteful and destructive passions. However in poetry, the protagonist would wallow in despair, bewailing his fate in lengthy oration. The audience will get carried away and forget themselves in the process without realizing that "from the evil of other men something of evil is communicated to themselves." Thus it is imperative that, art which is flippant, morally licentious or just plain ridiculous be firmly uprooted from society before it allows the beast in man to run wild resulting in moral collapse and social ruin.
THE WRITER'S VIEW ON THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF ART
While Plato's views on the role of art in the republic are convincing and partly ...
Cite this document
(“Plato's The Republic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/289808-platos-the-republic
(Plato'S The Republic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Plato'S The Republic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/289808-platos-the-republic.
Plato emphasizes the need to value and uphold the rule of law. It is also significant to note that Plato tries to explicate the primary belief of political and societal justice and the importance of individual justice in a society. Plato made it clear that he disliked democratic system of government of Greece.
Plato uses two ways to define the essence of justice as serving the interest of different parts of the “soul” and that of the parts of the “state” (Bhandari). It is evident that the soul is subdivided into three unique portions, which include the appetitive, spirited, and the rational.
"There is an ancient quarrel between poetry and philosophy" (Plato 242) based on a difference in perception of truth, knowledge and ideas of justice.
Wisdom is identified with self-knowledge, and Plato presents Socratic cross-examination as the fulfillment of a divine mission and therefore as a supreme act of piety.
The central ideology of Plato's philosophical interpretation was primarily based on his use of dialectics, a mode of arguments concerning the profound reflections of nature of reality as well as using cognitive optimism, a principle believing in the ability of the human mind in order to accomplish truth and to use this truth for fulfilling the objective predominantly based on rational choice to act on human affairs set with virtuous ordering.
Describing an the ideal city, Plato underlines that people are all born with physical and intellectual equipment that makes them suited to perform some tasks better than others. The model of the ideal city involves ideas of justice and nature, human relations and labor relations.
as well as any and all key issues which are related to this subject of issue. The aim of this paper is to discuss all of this, in order to pose a more intellectual and critical understanding and viewpoint on this issue. This is what will be dissertated in the following.
With his book Plato also explains how to draw an analogy of the operation that a society is as a whole society and the life of an individual in that very same society. Book IV Plato explains through Socrates the guardians the ruling class as we know them. From that perspective and this angle this essay is going to discuss this theory
One area of Plato's philosophy that has often been discussed is his views on politics and on the most suitable and best form of government. This may probably be considered as the most debatable and scandalizing area of his philosophy. In his work, Plato has explicitly stated his objection to democracy as a form of government.
among these other noble characteristics, it is no surprise how much importance Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and others ascribed to justice in the formation of a complete system of morality and an Ideal State. Plato, in fact, identifies justice not simply as something related to
The public in Athens was doubtful about democracy being an effective form of governance and in this perspective, Socrates, who appeared to be a strong critic of democracy, was defended by many who interpreted his trial as being an
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Plato's The Republic for FREE!