Globalization has become a byword in contemporary times and the term is used to describe the present connectivity of different cities of the world as a result of economic and financial activities. The global village has shrunk as a result of developments in the field of communication and technology…
Globalization has developed along two main streams namely economic and cultural. For many, globalization is equated with economic interdependence. At the dawn of the 21st century, "the scale and magnitude of global economic interaction appears to be unprecedentedContemporary patterns of economic globalization suggest the emergence of a new international division of labor" (Brahm).
Many would argue that globalization has benefited the wealthier nations and pushed developing nations into disadvantaged positions. There are perceived advantages and disadvantages in globalization. Some would view globalization as a factor the divides and widens the disparity between the rich and poor nations. Others would view globalization as an instrument of peace. They argue that countries that are trading partners are less likely to wage war against each other. Globalization attempted to homogenize cultures across the continent at the expense of cultural self-identity. It has bred the polarization of society's affluent and impoverished members. Saskia Sassen posited that globalization contributed to the class polarization while Janet Abu-Lughod concluded that globalization is contributory to the rise of class disparity. If one would adhere to the concept of convergence and global community, any attempt at creating inequity and conflict within the global convergence zone should be condemned. The resurgence of prejudice and discrimination in contemporary times contravene the context of the global village. As members of the global village, our society should not allow prejudice and discrimination socially, ethically and morally.
Why is there Prejudice and Discrimination
Elliot Aronson in Causes of Prejudice wrote that there are four mitigating circumstances that cause prejudice. They are: (1) economic and political competition or conflict, (2) displaced aggression, (3) personality needs, and (4) conformity to existing social norms (128). Economic and political circumstances motivate prejudice especially when there is a pronounce shortage on resources and one group would want to gain some advantage over a more inferior group. Often, prejudice occurs when there is intense competition for scarce resources. For example, in the nineteenth century, Americans felt threatened about their job security when companies started taking in Chinese immigrants to fill jobs that the native white Americans would not like to take. The Americans felt the Chinese were competing with them thus derogatory and racial slurs were often resorted to vent out their displeasure (130).
Prejudice could be a form of 'scapegoating' where the fault of one individual of specific characteristics was transferred to another person perceived and generalized as having the same characteristics as the former but did not have anything to do with the original offense. A transference of aggression occurred when the desire to retaliate appeared to be "too big or too vague" (131). Prejudice in some instances could be a function of a flawed personality. Some individuals had personalities that were predisposed to become prejudiced not because of external or environmental influences. Finally, prejudice was motivated by the need for compliance or conformity to social norms. People were swayed to adopt a prejudicial attitude towards certain groups of people by way of previous histories, the idea that "it's just the way things are in my town", or a tradition ...
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(Prejudice and Discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words - 1)
“Prejudice and Discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/289839-prejudice-and-discrimination.
Besides showing intolerance and dislike, they have displayed extremist behavior by discriminating against these groups in various ways, such as giving them unequal opportunities, treating them inappropriately, and in the worst cases, persecuting them. Today’s world shows intolerance in several different aspects and prejudice exists within people on a large scale based on several factors.
Discrimination is usually one aspect of society that develops because of prejudice, which means that discrimination is an offspring of prejudice (Myers 265). In this case, prejudice refers to the attitudes that an individual has (usually negative), towards another person in the society based on the individual’s membership in a particular social group.
The main people affected by this racial bias are the ethnic Chinese. Discrimination against this portion of the population takes the form of violence, restrictive legislation and language use. In this context, the term race refers to a biological subspecies and it comprises of populations having distinct anatomical traits like skin, hair and eye color, facial features among others.
Student’s name: Professor’s name: Module title: Module ID: Submission date: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Discrimination The term stereotyping simply refers to the established image of an individual, group, community, nation or a thing the large majority of the members of society have developed in mind, and take that specific person, community or thing within the frame of that concept they have established the image of them.
Experiencing prejudice entails dealing with beliefs about a given group of people and cultural practices. Whether positive negative, prejudice in these forms are always preconceived. Discrimination is negative forms of prejudice, which is practiced by those who want to deny to people opportunities that they believe need not be given the same treatment as other people.
It is a form of institutional prejudice and discrimination in that, groups that enforce law use race as a policy to select an individual out for more inspection. It is also a form of institutional discrimination for the reason that social institutions’ representatives unfairly single out particular representatives when seeking to implement rules or laws, thus violating civil rights (Free, 1996).
One revolves around an individual’s confused gender identity, such as females who are lesbians who want to look like and act like men and gay men are the opposite. The other type of stereotype revolves around gays as a sinister conspiratorial
Nowadays, American nation has become more attuned to stereotyping. From the early age children are taught at school about the diversity and the negative effects of stereotyping. College trainings usually include a component of diversity training.
The term prejudice simply refers to the disliking and displeasure of the people towards other members of society on the basis of their association with some particular social group. Exhibiting of displeasure by the individuals towards some others on the basis of their adherence to gay society and others reflect their prejudice towards their actions.
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