The transfer of technology is essential for faster growth and it will also enable them to compete at an international level which will also stimulate growth.
Social divisions are also inhibiting growth. Child labor is a huge problem with as many as seven million children in the workforce. As far as education, the rate of adult literacy stands at eighty-five percent. Discrimination is also a problem. The majority of Brazil's population is black, second only to Nigeria. Despite the fact the discrimination is a crime, it isn't enforced. Still, some progress has been made. The government's lack of equal social spending is the foremost factor in Brazil's inability to rise above inequality and poverty.
Inequality and the distribution of land are considered the primary reasons for extreme poverty in the country. Although the Brazilian government implemented a program for land reform, the results have been modest at best. The inequality in the distribution of land is mainly due to the political influence of large plantation owners. The land that is available to farmers is often unsuitable to farmers do due to environmental conflicts.
There has, however, been some progress economically and socially. Brazil is at the forefront of agricultural research and they have expanded their exportation of crops. They have experienced growth in the software industry.