Organic Farming in Saudi Arabia

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There are many definitions of organic farming. Mannion (1995: 405) refers to it as a holistic view of agriculture that aims to reflect the profound interrelationship between farm biota, agricultural production and the overall environment. Scofield (1986:1-5) stresses that organic farming does not simply refer to the use of living materials, but emphasizes the concept of 'wholeness', implying the "systematic connection or coordination of parts in one whole." As Scofield points out, the concerns that motivated the early adopters of organic farming include issues of soil health and structure, the exhaustible nature of artificial fertilizers, and human health.


One of the most significant expositions of the aims and principles of organic farming is presented in the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements' (IFOAM) basic standards for production and processing (Anonymous, 68).
"To create integrated, humane, environmentally and economically sustainable agricultural production systems, which maximize reliance on farm-derived renewable resources and the management of ecological and biological processes and interactions, so as to provide acceptable levels of crop, livestock and human nutrition, protection from pests and diseases, and an appropriate return to the human and other resources employed".
In some respects, this definition stands as the complete opposite to conventional productivist agriculture, which implies extensive use of artificial inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides designed to increase productivity in food production.
Introduction, intensification and optimization ...
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