Brazil falls in the southern hemisphere. The equator cuts into the country in the north and the tropic of Capricorn cuts it in the south. The climate is temperate and cool. Most of the country’s cities are to be found in the coast or around the great rivers that traverse across it.Brazil has hills, mountains, plains, highlands and scrublands. The northwestern part of the plateau has broad, rolling terrain and low, round hills.The northern region covers over 45% of the land area in Brazil. The population is lowest in this region. This place for the most part comprises rain forests and has indigenous tribes. The northeast region has about 30% of Brazil’s population. The population is mixed comprising people of American Indian origin, and Afro-Brazilian descent. This is Brazil’s poorest region and suffers from long, dry climatic conditions.The central region going westwards has low population density due to marshy landscape.The southeast region is densely populated. It is the riches region in Brazil. The region has major business centers. The southern region is the wealthiest and the coldest region in Brazil. Most of the people here are of Italian, German and Portuguese ancestry.The rain forests of the Amazon basis occupy almost all of north Brazil. These forests were cut down heavily in the 70s and 80s due to industrialization, farming and grazing purposes. In the 90s, due to international movements and government policies there was some reduction in deforestation. However, it proved to be rather short-lived. Deforestation was taking place again in the mid-90s.
The Amazon region covers the states of Amazonas, Para, Acre, Amapa, Roraima, and Rondonia. The Amazon region produces timber,