The vessel volumes through the English Channel and around the UK coasts. It is estimated that nearly 200,000 vessel transits occur per annum. (Cook 1998) Based upon these figures alone it is obvious that regulations must be administered and adhered to in the Channel to decrease the collisions that occur…
It Important to take into consideration that it is not the high speed that solely becomes the use of a collision or accident. Rather it is the inaccuracy vessel operators have when estimating the speed difference between the vessels that creates much problems. Significant factor to take into regard when contemplating risks and collisions attributed to the advent of an 80 know ferry in the English Channel should encompass:
The operator of the vessel has many more responsibilities than speed when preventing a collision. As the term itself implies, speed is a factor associated with timings. Controlling the speed involves evaluation of right timings of actions. When a vessel has to speed up to avoid collision, it must do so immediately. Designing of the vessel's structure and capabilities to meet such situations is a prerequisite.
Speed is not the only factor responsible for a maritime collision and in cases of poor visibility and lighting speed is not even a factor. Collisions normally occur during overtaking and when the vessels meet head on. Rule 13(b) of International Collision Regulations states:
"A vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with another vessel from a direction more than 22.5 degrees abaft her beam, that is, in such a position with reference to the vessel she is overtaking, that at night she would be able to see only the ...
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In the year 1840, the London Trinity House came up with a set of laid down regulations which were enacted in parliament in the year 1846. One of the rules spelt out a requirement for a steam vessel that was passing another one in a channel that was narrow to leave the other one on her own port land.
Pilots and navigators have to be more alert to intrusions in to their course vector to ensure that no high-level threat situation emerges in their charted course. One to one manual monitoring with electronic radar has become so ineffective with so many targets identified by the gadgets - especially for aircrafts on approach and take off and for ships that call on and off the port and service lanes.
Basically, the transmitter emits a signal and the receiver detects it. The transmission medium to be used is free space. In this particular design project, the method of detection to be utilized is signal reflection. In relation, the signal reflection occurs when an obstacle interrupts the path of the transmitted signal.
However, the definition of this Act has been extended by a number of subsequent amendments.
The collision regulation rules define the "vessel" as an every description of water craft, including non-displacement craft and seaplanes, used or capable to be used as a mean of transportation on the water1 (Mandaraka 2001).
Better regulations, regulatory reforms can make positive contributions to healthy competition in the business environment and result in competitive advantages to the business by the correct use of mix of regulations and regulators. Important point to remember while enforcing regulation is that it does not hinder the business functioning but improves it by promoting enterprises and innovations.
This calls for regulations that will help minimize the impact of such emissions to the environment. The total external costs by the aviation industry need to be taken into consideration and the key players in the industry should be held responsible to meet such
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