The decision to shoplift is driven from within by the thought processes of the individual, placing it squarely in the realm of psychology as part of the social exchange theory (Brehm, Kassin, & Fein, 2005). Along a similar line it is possible that the individual engaged in shoplifting in order to gain items that would create the perception of financial success so prized in our society. The pressure to act came from outside the individual and is an example of the structural-functional theory of sociology (Zappen, 1998).
What if an equal emphasis comes from outside the individual Perhaps the shoplifter has many friends, peers, and role models that shoplift. The saying birds of a feather would point to the sad fact that the individual would eventually be labeled as a shoplifter by association. So if people expect the individual to shoplift he will be more likely to do so. Or so the labeling theory would have us believe (Sociological theory, 2008). It could also be argued that shoplifters learn the behavior from their peers as explained by the social learning theory of psychology. When an individual repeatedly sees a behavior being done it becomes the norm for him and engaging in it is not seen by the individual as deviant, delinquent or criminal.
A similar method can be used to dis
A multitude of theories exist in sociology and psychology to explain crime and delinquent acts. "Where as a crime is an act that breaks criminal code which is created by society though written law, delinquency and deviance can be acts that merely break 'cultural law' or norms." (Zappen, 1998)…
Therefore, the discussions on juvenile delinquency have assumed greater significance in countries like America. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has paved the way for many films too. The film, Lord of the Flies (1990), modelled upon the novel, ‘The Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding takes the boys’ attitude towards delinquency.
In this paper, five such interventions have been discussed and their effectiveness in addressing the situation has been analyzed. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is a behavioral intervention used to help both parents and children.
The author states that lack of communication between parents and child, access to media at tender age is also responsible for rabble-rousing behavior. There exists complexity of causes which may persist years before the actual commitment of the offense while others may be recounted from immediate happenings in the surroundings of the young individual.
Sociologically, crime and deviance can be viewed as the externalities or acts that are harmful to the individual and society at large, which are prohibited and punishable by law. Each and every social setting has mores, values, beliefs and expected standards that govern interaction of the members and in the long run help to streamline coexistence.
However, society does not see it fit that individuals under the age of 18 years old be prosecuted in criminal courts because of perceived inability and immaturity to appreciate the legal system. Adult courts are also seen to cause traumatic experiences for a young individual.
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between delinquency and adolescent substance abuse and the role that the interaction of peer pressure plays and which of these is most influential. The population sample will consist of 300 students from grades 9 to 12.
Available research on the self in an interpersonal context have demonstrated that people often prefer to have others see them as they see themselves. Collins and Stukas (June 2006) deemed that in order to maintain such consistency, people seek feedback from others that is self-consistent.
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is a behavioral intervention used to help both parents and children. The intervention is typically used to treat severe behavior problems in children between the ages of 2 and 8,
According to Grossman, the relationship between aggravated assault, murder, and imprisonment since 1957 in America astounds people. These relationships show incidences of citizens attempting to kill each other (Grossman, 2009). The rate
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