In one sense Secularism is understood as the case of absence of religion and in other sense as treating all religions equally. Thus, it is difficult enough to define secularism according to a single ideal and social, political and cultural conditions define the secularism in a particular context and area. The afore-mentioned aspect points out the origins of secularism from religion. As one of the concepts in understanding secularism is to oppose the religion in at least until some extent, the concept developed from religious context. Though the secularism has origins in religion, it is a political and social movement and retains a philosophical aspect. In many contexts, the philosophy is to oppose religion and this resulted in different type of applications of it in different situations. However, in any type of understanding the secularism a common opposition to supernatural and faith in god will exist. The concept of secularism and secularization differ as the secularization questions the role of religion in society and argues for sphere of knowledge. Thus in the course of questioning the religion, secularization opposes the presence of religious authorities and opposes their public authority. As a result, it catches criticism from the opponents of secularism or religious minded people. One of the important opposition is regarding favoring of explicitly basis for politics at the cost of another religion, which generally happens in developing countries like India, Pakistan and Gulf countries. However, the afore-mentioned aspect is different from godless secularism of West. In the multicultural societies, religious tolerance is termed as secularism by religious people and political leaders.1
Review of Documentary
While considering the afore-mentioned countries, the favor and opposition for secularism exists at same area and region. The afore-mentioned fact is evident from review of documentary that follows. According to Sir Mark Tully who toured in Gujarat and Kerala in India for a documentary in secularism opines that religion should have a place in politics as well as secularism to avoid the politicians to make use of different incidents for their selfish purposes. He cites the Gandhi's (Father of Nation of India) words that religion should pervade politics. 2
However, many politicians are unsure about what and how the religion pervades through politics. One can argue that the militant organizations of all religious organizations should not find place in politics but all the religions should be given their chance to pride in their own religion and freedom to follow it as long as they do not harm or obstruct other's feelings.
However, not all the religious people are united and they assert that the essence of secularism lies in understanding the value people give for religion. The failure of secularism to be popular lies in afore-mentioned value of people to their religion. Politicians in countries like India better understood that value. 3
The meaning and understanding of secularism in West is to disassociate church from administration. However, it is not completely possible in multi-cultural societies and west too may experience the same difficulty when their societies turn multi-cultural and multi religion. Thus, many politicians and thinkers opine that age-old tradition of religious tolerance is better in understanding secularism in multi cultural and multi religion societies.
Religion and Secularism
In the absence of multi cultural and multi religion societies, religion is supposed to be elusive and short-lived. While discussing about authoritarian and liberal nature it depends on understanding either religion or secularism and implementing