The major aim of this cooperation has been to create disruption for illicit drugs market in order to make the situation more difficulty for the illegal traffickers to manufacture and traffic the drugs to the US. The US has been providing the Mexican authorities with some projects and programs such as interdiction of shipment of cocaine which comes from South America, stemming the manufacture and carrying of opium poppy and marijuana. In addition to this it has come up with a program of controlling precursor chemicals employed in methamphetamine production (Los Angeles Times).
Mexico, over the years, had decided to curb the problem with no support from the US. This sensitivity of national sovereignty created difficulties for the two nations to establish good coordination for the counter narcotics operations. Later in early 1990s there was some improved cooperation while in 1998, the two countries concluded this by signing the Bi-national drug Control Strategy. They have kept on cooperating to curb the flow of drugs across the border despite the challenges experienced (Luis).
Despite the fact that the two countries have been putting so much effort to fight the flow of drugs from or through Mexico to United States of America through the US-Mexico border, thousands of tons of illegal drugs have still been flowing from Mexico into the USAevery year. There have been fewer cases of reported seizures of this illicit business in the border over the past years.
Several challenges that the counter-narcotics face have prevented it from achieving its goals. One of the major problems is good cooperation and co-ordination between the two country’s authorities. 's authorities. Creating this link would help to over come some of the barriers created in this war. This research seeks to find out some of the major challenges posses which prevent the authorities from attaining a zero tolerance to trafficking of drugs across the border and the solutions to them.
Being aware of the challenges and problems faced in the war against the flow of drugs across the border would help in understanding how to overcome them and eventually winning the fight against this vice.
1. To find out whether the illegal drug have still been flowing to US across the border without being seized.
2. To find out the reasons why this drugs are flown in without being noticed by the counter-narcotics and the authorities
3. To suggest what the authorities of the two countries should do to improve the situation.
2.0 Literature Review
There have been several efforts made by both authorities to cease the flow of illicit drugs. In 2000, the Mexican Authorities reported that the average amount of cocaine coming into Mexico which intention of transshipment into the United States of America has been estimated to be about 290 metric tons. The amount reported to have been seized in the US-Mexico Border is about 36 metric tons that year. The amount of quality marijuana as well as heroin manufactured in Mexico the same year is estimated to be about 9,400 metric tons per year for marijuana and about 19 metric tons for heroine. Reported seizures for marijuana is said to be about 2,900 metric tons for a year while for