Theory of Knowledge "Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions"

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Many people hold that Man's sense of morality is one of the features in which he is most distinctly different from his apish ancestors. However, 'morality' itself is subject to change and may differ according to the place, time period, religious, educational, and economical background of the person.


However, unanimous agreement is not possible in all cases or at all times. Herein one understands the significance of 'moral decision-making'. Moral-decision making can be said as a rather complicated affair, that "involves sensitivity to the moral dimensions of everyday situations, and an awareness of the range of interests involved in specific decisions" (MacDonald, 1).
Moral decisions, as can be understood from the above, essentially involve two things; namely, 1) emotional understanding and 2) sound reason or logical explanation, emotion and reason roughly correspond to the first and second half of the above stated process. Naturally, the question arises as to whether the two are equally important This essay shall briefly explain the meanings of the terms 'emotion' and 'reason,' 'moral-relativism' and the 'self-interest' theory, the positives and the negatives of emotion and reason in their roles in moral decision-making. It shall argue that, both are necessary in equal proportions to arrive at morally right decisions.
'Emotions' can be described as underlying feelings that are spontaneous and subjective (Mencl, 4). However, there is a difference between emotions and mere sensations. ...
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