Alcohol as a substance is toxic to human beings and the toxicity is more defined in fetus. The term Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) refers to abnormalities or irregularities which occur in fetus and later in children as a result of maternal alcohol consumption The term was first used by Kenneth L…
Effects of FAS include:
FAS is not a distant experience as my siblings and I have at least been once in our lifetimes been put under medical supervision in FAS related ailments. In my case, it happened when I was 11 years old and I was experiencing bouts of nervous breakdown especially in chilly mornings. Earlier treatment focused on nervous diseases but when the situation worsened, there was a suggestion by a family doctor to test for the FAS syndrome.
As a victim of FAS, many of my school days were lost due to FAS related complications, at the junior school, to cope become so hard since all other kids noticed that I was different from them in someway. Of course this is a very devastating situation to be in. Though this condition is not presently a bother to me, my elder brother has not been very lucky for he has had an unusually high incidences of arrests, he is sometimes into prisons and it feels bad given that he is not to blame for what is happening . Despite his 'innocence", many blame him and he pays for his deeds.
The syndrome is correlated to culture since in essence; culture plays a crucial role in peoples' drinking habits. For instance, culture in most Islamic countries forbid women from taking alcohol, therefore it is expected that incidences of FAS in such cultures is significantly low compared to other cultures in the west where alcohol consumption is culturally tolerated in most parts. Apart from culture, Serdula, M.; Williamson, D.F.; Kendrick, J.S.; Anda, R.F.; & Byers, T. (1991 p. 877) found nutrition and metabolism as the other factors influencing FAS.
Sokol, R.J., et al. (December 10, 2003 p.2996) also linked FAS to genetics by studying the prevalence of FAS in blacks compared to whites. They found that the risk was significantly higher for the former than it was for the latter. This can be explained by the fact that most black women were more unlikely to report accurately on their alcohol consumption habits.
The leading cause of FAS though remains to be prenatal exposure to alcohol especially when the embryo is increasingly exposed to alcohol. Medically FAS can be said to happen if the body organs or system are affected in their development and cell formation.
FAS is preventable, it worrying that more and more people are suffering from a disease that is fully preventable. Various preventative measures include:
Self-reporting. This is where by once a woman discovers she is pregnant and is into the habit of alcohol taking. One is supposed to report to a prenatal clinic so as to receive the necessary treatment and help.
Ultra sound screening during pregnancy. This is conducted to test for the syndrome in fetus. Once detected, preventative measures are began so as to avoid further harm to fetus.
Abstaining from alcohol during pregnancy. This is the best way to prevent FAS as it is solely acquired through alcohol consumption. Therefore complete abstinence means zero chances of acquiring the syndrome.
There is still a need for more studies on the subject of FAS. To date, there is no consensus as to what level of alcohol consumption is safe for pregnant mothers. There is a need for a definite answer so as allow ...
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(Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/291195-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-essay.
Although many efforts have been implemented to discourage mothers from consuming alcohol during their pregnancy, cases of children with FAS never seem to cease. Children with FAS have particular facial characteristics, and most demonstrate impaired learning abilities.
The victims of this disorder end up committing so many legal offenses unintentionally. This paper will argue that victims of Fetal Alcoholic Syndrome should not be prosecuted on criminal acts that they commit. First of all, it will outline the argument of the Canadian justice on pressing charges to David Trott, a victim of the Fetal Alcoholic Syndrome, and the act of the his lawyer’s resignation (Larry & Ella).
These substances when taken in excess adversely affect the functioning and ability exhibited by that individual and may also cause health related concerns (Havens, Simmons, Shannon, Hansen, 2008). When substance use occurs during a pregnancy or in the time just before pregnancy or after childbirth, it is a distinct possibility that the child’s development will be affected in some way.
Intellectual disabilities may be caused by a plethora of reasons and etiological factors. These etiological factors include head injury, fetal alcohol syndrome and genetic causes for instance Down syndrome. Mostly the intellectual disability will be caused by any other underlying disease or disability.
(Cobliner 1994, p. 18)
One of the important issues, relating to the problem of teenage pregnancy, is the sexual activity of young girls, which has become the norm, and not the exception. This tendency is clearly observed in most communities. According to the recent studies, 45% of the girls between 15 and 18 are sexually active, and 36% of them became pregnant in the first two years of their sexual experience.
Often Down syndrome is identified at birth as it is associated with some impairment of cognitive ability and physical growth as well as facial appearance.
Common men have 23 pairs of chromosomes but a child with Down syndrome as mentioned earlier has an extra chromosome (47 instead of 46) or one chromosome has an extra part.
Other damage, including physical abnormalities, developmental delays and fetal growth retardation are known as Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE).
All research journal discussed similar issue of 'FAS' that is based on extrapolation from epidemiological studies of pregnant women.
Definition. According to Dr. Robert Reece of Tufts University School of Medicine, Shaken Baby Syndrome is the medical term describing the numerous signs and symptoms of an infant being violently shaken that created an impact in the head (National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome, 2007).
The range of effects may include physical, mental, behavioral, and perhaps even learning disabilities with possible lifelong implications (DHHS, 2007). In other words severe effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy are termed as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and it is one of the important known avoidable causes of mental retardation and birth defects.
However, in society as a whole, there continues to be lack of understanding of what the harm to unborn children is as a result of alcohol use during pregnancy. In a 1999 article written for the Journal of Social History, Janet Golden talks about the argument that has long
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