Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Justice System - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Justice System

And these values would soon drastically increase if nothing would be done about it (Raspberry, 2003).
The current justice system is basically grounded on retributive values wherein justice determines the crime or violation, then enjoins the victim, offender and the community to reach solutions of "repair, reconciliation and assurance" (Zehr, 1990;Walker, 2000).
Anthropologist Ruth Benedict states that the emphasis of using shame or guilt to control social activities could be a way of categorizing cultures. Some Asian cultures like China and Japan are considered shame cultures in contrast to European and modern American cultures like the US which is said to be "guilt-based." To illustrate, traditional Japanese and Ancient Greek society put more importance to the social consequences of "getting caught" than the feelings of guilt of the offender ("Shame," 2006).
The violation of shared opinions and expected behaviors causing the feeling of shame has proved to be efficient in guiding society's behavior. Shame is used against relational aggression and is considered effective in marriage, family and church settings. Also, it is used in the workplace as a form of covert social control ("Shame," 2006).
Shame is considered as a pillar of punishment. ...
Download paper

Summary

There are emerging questions and arguments challenging the role of traditional justice system in preventing crimes. Traditional justice has been with us for quite a long time now but considering existing imprisonment statistics, it seems that there is a need to look into other alternative approaches when dealing with crimes (Zehr, 1990; Walker, 2000)…
Author : ioreilly

Related Essays

Juvenile Justice System
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Japans Criminal Justice System
15 pages (3765 words) Essay
Colombian riminal justice system
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Cubas' Criminal Justice System
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR - RESTORATIVE JUSTICE VICTIM OFFENDER MEDIATION, POSITIVE IMPACT, CONSIDERATION OF VICTIMS IN CJS, NEGATIVE IMPACT, DOES RESTORATIVE JUSTIC
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Children Victimology: Issues in the Criminal Justice System
6 pages (1506 words) Research Proposal
Criminal Justice / VICTIMOLOGY
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!