Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Justice System

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There are emerging questions and arguments challenging the role of traditional justice system in preventing crimes. Traditional justice has been with us for quite a long time now but considering existing imprisonment statistics, it seems that there is a need to look into other alternative approaches when dealing with crimes (Zehr, 1990; Walker, 2000).


And these values would soon drastically increase if nothing would be done about it (Raspberry, 2003).
The current justice system is basically grounded on retributive values wherein justice determines the crime or violation, then enjoins the victim, offender and the community to reach solutions of "repair, reconciliation and assurance" (Zehr, 1990;Walker, 2000).
Anthropologist Ruth Benedict states that the emphasis of using shame or guilt to control social activities could be a way of categorizing cultures. Some Asian cultures like China and Japan are considered shame cultures in contrast to European and modern American cultures like the US which is said to be "guilt-based." To illustrate, traditional Japanese and Ancient Greek society put more importance to the social consequences of "getting caught" than the feelings of guilt of the offender ("Shame," 2006).
The violation of shared opinions and expected behaviors causing the feeling of shame has proved to be efficient in guiding society's behavior. Shame is used against relational aggression and is considered effective in marriage, family and church settings. Also, it is used in the workplace as a form of covert social control ("Shame," 2006).
Shame is considered as a pillar of punishment. ...
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