This paper efficaciously delineates the issues concerned with the pollution in the United Kingdom, along with the problems encountered by the councils to combat them. Moreover, this paper talks about pertinent measures to be undertaken by the authorities of UK in order to transform the society in to a healthy and sustainable place to reside.
The Department of Environment, Transport and other Regions states that clean air is a fundamental component of a good eminence of life and people have the authority to expect that the air they take in will not be harmful to them (Report, 2000). Post the haze issue of the mid-twentieth century, the British government has put in tremendous effort in to the management of air quality, which has resulted in substantial reduction of pollution in the UK, in comparison to other countries of the world. Nevertheless, there is still a lot of work to be done so as to uphold and improvise the quality of air. According to the ENDS Report, one of the key steps forward in the enhancement of the quality of air, thereby, reducing pollution was the Environment Act which introduced an incorporated structure with regards to the handling of national as well as local air pollution having its basal on the health-based norms (ENDS Report, 1997). Moreover, it also marked the budge of a source-centralized approach to the one which concentrated on the reduction of exposure. As a point in fact, the central role was handed over to the local authorities and they were expected to forecast whether pollution would possibly tend to transcend the air quality norms by the year 2005, thereby, outlining the strategies to lessen the concentrations in chief places. According to Xing, it is a hard fact to study that time is running out for the local authorities to keep up with the objectives of pollution under the regime of Local Air Quality Management or LAQM (Xing, 2004). There are only a handful of councils with top pollution grades which have generated action strategies to address the problems of reduction of pollution. Other than the councils which face the difficulties of attaining the objectives on time, there are various councils of smaller conurbations which also require an appreciable exercise of the air quality management in order to preserve the health of environment and people. As a result, the upshot of this research would provide us with a good example to manage the intricacies and facilitate the smaller cities to learn from various experiences as well.
Problems faced by Councils in managing Pollution
The influence of urban areas on the environment is quite substantial for the reason that