Organizational Behavior (OB) could be defined as a separate wing of academic research which deals with organization and its elements mainly human resources, and analyzing the study applying various sciences of sociology, economics, anthropology, political science and psychology…
The field of organizational behavior is concerned with the study of what people do in an organization and how that behavior affects the performance of the organization. Organizational behavior is derived by incorporating various behavioral sciences like psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science and social psychology to ascertain the expectation level. (Foundations of human behavior, 2006)
(i) Interpersonal Roles: which derives from the manager's position and the formal authority like leadership, liaison etc. (ii) Informational role: this is a direct result of the interpersonal roles ending up in information exchange, e.g., spokesperson, a monitor (iii)Decisional role: managers role as problem-solver, negotiator, resource allocator etc which is a derivation from the above two roles. (GRI Report, 2001:6)
All these roles are important in a manager's job and are interrelated, even though some roles may be more influential than others depending upon the managerial position. For instance, sales managers may give more importance to interpersonal roles, while the production managers give more importance to decisional roles.
The above facts lead to a clear picture that the organizational behavior is necessarily concatenated with the behavioral sciences. ...
udying the interrelated behavioral processes, their disparity at specific situations and their interaction in the decision and communication performance within and among the organizational elements themselves. (Behavioral Science, 2006) Behavioral sciences like psychology, sociology, anthropology etc, help to focus in deriving organizational behavior theories. The current study focuses on three main topics (i) Personality, (ii) Stereotypes and (iii) Group Dynamics
I. Personality and the "Trait Theory"
Individuals are different in their mental and physical traits. People who form the main components of an organization thus differ both physically (age, sex, height, weight, etc), and also psychologically (intelligence, attitude, motivational level, perceptions, etc.) This belief that each human being is totally different from each other is known as "Law of individual differences". This points out to a crucial fact that the management has to treat them uniquely to get the best out of each and every one. (Robbins & Judge, 2006)
A theory on personality aspect, The Trait theory suggests that people have some traits in common with each other and are also different from others in certain other aspects. The main five personality traits emerged from this theory related to job performance could be summarized as extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness to experience. In an organizational setup the personality factors which affect its performance are the Need pattern, introversion or extroversion, tolerance for ambiguity, self esteem and self concept, Type A and Type B personalities etc. These aspects will differ from person to person and as per the managers are concerned; they need to master the tolerance for ambiguity with other ...
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(Organisational Behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 1)
“Organisational Behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/291805-organisational-behaviour.
Firstly, the concept of informal group has got great significance in modern human resource management practices since this idea offers extensive benefits to employees and thereby to organisation as a whole. Human beings as social animals, wish to get respect, power, and autonomy.
It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication and management” (Lamb, 2010). It was originally treated as a part of the field of Psychology for its high focus on observation and analysis of human behaviour. However, it rapidly emerged as an independent field due to the complexities and unique nature of workplace settings, integrating the studies of sociology, communication and management as well.
In an attempt to accomplish this study, the details of the events that occurred at work during the week have been noted down. The approach of noting down the various events taking place in the workplace would facilitate the process of understanding the theoretical concept of organisational behaviour, as it is very practical and beneficial.
The metaphors that will be discussed for this study are the image of an organisation as an organism, and an organisation as a culture. The organisation studied in relation to these metaphors is IKEA, the home furniture retailer. Relevant examples within the organisation’s evolutionary process will be given where necessary to illustrate the significance of the metaphors in question.
Organisational behaviour has therefore grown to be defined through the limits of the interactions between the individual and team as well as the interaction between teams and the individual. Groups differ sharply from teams due to the value and function. Groups are defined and identified by the primary purpose of interaction and sharing of information with the goal of helping the individual perform within their allocated individual areas (Scott, 2007).
1. Considering a negative experience one has had as a customer in interacting with an employee of an organisation. Using knowledge of OB to analyse the possible cause of this employee’s behaviour. 2. There’s no such thing as ‘stress’ since it is in an individual’s mind, and just an excuse to take time off from work.
Organisational behavior is a descriptive subject and it has been under study for so many years. This study is ongoing and with time there may be different changes observed in the behavior of the employees and human resources in general. The benefits of the discipline are experienced by all managers and they have been able to develop effective outcomes.
Demographic factors include the socio-economic background you come from, your age, your gender, your race, your nationality etc. Organisations are on a look out for people that belong to a good socio-economic background, have good education or are young as such people are thought to be better performers than others.
As such, this paper has been designed to critically discuss and evaluate how a manager might set about achieving change in an organisation’s culture. The paper starts by explaining the concepts of change and culture in order to gain a clear understanding on the main issue surrounding the topic.
In most cases, people participate in different activities in an organisation as could be motivated by other issues that could enhance or challenges their output, which does not only affect their individual performance but also that of the company (Brooks, 2003, p.73).
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