It is difficult to overcome the above-mentioned problems to attain sustainability completely in the near future.
Failing in attaining sustainability would result in having adverse effects on overall ecosystem. The current path of non-sustainability would also invite other disasters such as environmental degradation, irreversible ecological crisis and it forecloses ecological options.
To achieve sustainability if not in near future but some day we have to work now on certain factors. Industrial organizations should be more responsible and incorporate corporate social responsibilities (CSR). Thus any product manufactured would be under strict environmental laws. Industrial organizations should participate in charities and other social activities. Natural resources should be used in such a way that it should help in raising our living standards without increase in throughput or resources. Steps should be taken to cope the problem of poverty. In overall, progress has been made, we passed through many technological milestones but still achieving sustainable development remains eluded.
Development in different sectors like Information Technology, Steel industry, etc., has resulted a sharp rise in the usage of harmful substances. Problem of over consumption becomes irrelevant when super- (eco) efficiencies are achieved under a production sphere.
Super- (eco) efficiencies
Though some mathematical projections may address future ecological scenarios but they are just predictions and may vary with the real scenario. Consumption is bound to increase and conservation and efficiency may not be enough to handle the situation. It has been found that mathematical projections always vary with the real scenarios and therefore production efficiencies should also be increased to delay the complete resource depletion. To explain the above let's see the following example of population burst. Not only due to steady increase in population but also due to over consumption the demand for food products may increase sharply and might slowly replenish.
According to ecological modernization the solution to ecological crisis can be found in more production, more modernity and more industrialization. Global ecosystem is a closed system whereas economic subsystems are not. Rather than more production ecological modernization purports on different industrialization and production. This is termed as more -as-different approach.
In digital market the production more that result in the increase in economy and thus maintaining overall consumption low and sustainable. Thus we could say that consumption is dematerialized. Though the present world is turning towards e shopping still some of us like to prefer the old ways of purchasing things like jewelry, cars, etc.
Spaargaren's Theory of Consumption
The theory of Spaargaren had greater impact in correcting the production in ecological modernization by working out on production-consumption cycles. Using the process of co-structuring a producer and consumer can exchange information that might help in increasing the production-consumption efficiency. The production remains out of problems as