Self-actualization can be described as paraphrasing the concept of self-fulfillment. Self-actualization is the human need to seek fulfillment of their potential; the concept is examined and expanded on in the literature review. Various author cited below have examined self-actualization as it pertains to different aspects of human identity, including religious beliefs, sexual identity, and marriage…
Self-actualization is a psychological concept accredited to Kurt Goldstein, defined as an instinctive human need to make the most of their abilities and to strive for fulfillment of their potential. In Maslow's expansion of Goldstein's concept, an individual reaches self-actualization when they feel assured of their physiological security, affiliations and affections, and their respect. In Maslow's terms, "What a man can be, he must be (Maslow, 1943)."
Self-actualization can be described in layspeech as self-fulfillment. Though the term carries various implications and nuances depending upon the academic, its essence is of happiness and fulfillment. Paxton and Turner paraphrase Shostrom:
Overall, Shostrom's theory of self-actualization is one that emphasizes positive mental health and psychological adjustmentActualizing persons are viewed by Shostrom as individuals who are willing to take the risk of being themselves and to respond according to how they feel in the present, rather than adhering to rigid patterns of the past or to inflexible goals of the future. Two concepts that are central to Shostrom's theory of actualizing are inner-direction and time competence. Shostrom describes actualizing persons as being inner-directed, meaning that the motivation for their behavior comes from within, not from external influences. The importance of the concept of inner-direction to Shostrom's theory is illustrated by the fact that he describes inner-direction as a goal of self-actualizing and a central tenet Time competence, another characteristic of actualizing individuals, refers to the ability to live in the here-and-now rather than predominantly living in the past and/or in the future (66).
Self-actualization is intimately related to identity-the concept of fulfillment grows from one's perception of self. "The reflected self is composed of three elements: The self-concept (SC)-a person's perception of himself or herself; the Perceived Self-Concept (PSC)-a person's perception of others' evaluations of him or her; and the Social Self-Concept (SSC)-others' actual evaluations of a person (Schafer et al, 168)."
The well-known Chilean sociologist Max-Neef has inextricably nine components of fulfillment and actualization in his matrix of needs-satisfactions. According to Max-Neef, people and communities reach fulfillment when they have access to the following: Basic subsistence (food, shelter, work), Protection (rights, family, security), Affect (friends, family, partners or spouses), Understanding (education, policy, and communications which orient one in their social context), Participation (rights, responsibilities, and obligations), Recreation (games, shows, parties, leisure), Creation (abilities, talents, methods, and skills), Identity (symbols, language, customs, sexuality, values, and roles), and Freedom (civil rights and equality) (Max-Neef, 1986).
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“Self Actualization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/291974-self-actualization.
People have diverse needs which are manifested in many forms. Abraham H. Maslow has placed human needs in a hierarchy of relative prepotency as revealed in the Deeper Mind website (Deeper Mind). He identified five specific and distinct needs classified as: physiological needs (food, sleep, stimulation, activity); safety and security needs (protection from harm); love and belongingness needs (love, friendship, comradeship); esteem needs (self-respect, personal worth and autonomy); and self-actualization needs (achieving full potential) (Deeper Mind 1).
Freedom is an essential quality of the human being, as operative on two levels. The human being has a freedom and choice to follow what is right for him .If we carefully observe our life, it becomes clear that every point in life, we are making choice.
According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, satisfaction of self-actualisation and esteem needs enhances employee’s growth and development. All employees have needs that are high in Maslow’s hierarchy however; they may lack identification of those needs or may take action to realize them.
A country named World State has gained total control. The populace is given designated roles in life and children are conditioned to accept these roles; if there is discontent they simply take a pill and everything becomes better with a snap of fingers. Still, some individuals voice dissent at the way society has changed.
ic needs, which was first proposed by Maslow’s (1954) hierarchy of needs (Marriner-Tomey, 92), which postulated that motivation of human behaviour corresponds to the level of satisfaction. This means, the first order needs have to be satisfied in order for human being to be
His spiritual journey is marvelously explained in the novel. The book was written in 1992 and is written in German language in a lyrical but at the same time in very simple style. Considering the name of the book, the word
However, freedom and choice can lead to self destruction if not used in proper manner. The right combination of freedom and choice is essential for the successful actualization of self. However, only freedom
hism, and Confucianism have ‘self’ theories that substantially differ from each other, though they all uphold the interdependent nature of life among human beings. Confucianism from the Analects theory perceives the concept of self in such a way that an individual has to
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