The presence of women in management positions, or positions traditionally
occupied by men, became more prevalent after the passage of title VII and Title IX.
As a matter of course, the higher the hierarchal order the more prevalent the
proverbial glass ceiling persists. As a general rule, companies for the most part do not
exhibit a problem with employing women. However, most companies have exhibited a
long standing history of gender stratification, income discrimination according to gender,
and discrimination in upper management positions.
This paper will highlight 10 major industries to point out the prevalence of the
denial of opportunity, income and access extended to women in management positions.
Also, to probe how pervasive this situation is in the lives of everyday women, the paper
will feature some numbers and impressions from the Wal-Mart debacle.In appendix “C”.
The limitation placed on this presentation does not allow the author to present a
comprehensive composite. However, this concise presentation will provide much food for
thought and a keen perspective of how acute and pervasive the sexism is.
Women in Management
The General Accounting Office prepared a macro statistical analysis of 10
American Industries at the behest of a Congressional oversight committee who was
concerned about the gender gap in managerial positions. In viewing Appendix “A”
we see that in the most non-traditional jobs i.e., Communications, and Business
and Repairs, where 40.9 per cent and 38.3 per cent represent the total percentage of the
whole, of women employed respectively in either industry. Additionally we find in the