Epidemology of HIV/AIDS - Research Paper Example

Extract of sample
Epidemology of HIV/AIDS

It took, however, less time to identify that both male and female injection drug abusers, recipients of blood transfusions and patients with hemophilia, all are prone to this disease. As Berer (2004) has pointed out, these all point to an epidemiologic pattern, which indicated that the disease agent, most probably microscopic organisms are transmitted through both homo and heterosexual contacts and blood and blood products are the suspected etiologic agent. By the time this was known, AIDS became an epidemic (Berer, 2004).
Epidemiology of AIDS and HIV infection took strongholds since this disease seemed very difficult to be conquered despite tremendous advancement of technology, diagnostic measures, and epidemiologic strategies. As Lashley (2006) has pointed out, the main reasons for this most contemporary failure of modern medicine were perhaps multifactorial; however, as things progressed, many unknown information unveiled themselves. In 1985, a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed, which led to an appreciation of the scope and evolution of the HIV epidemic at first in the United States and other developed nations and finally among developing nations worldwide. Now AIDS is considered to be a pandemic throughout the world (Lashley, 2006).
With the growth of the epidemic, there has been a proportionate explosion of information and a huge volume of research and resultant ...Show more

Summary

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was isolated in 1983 in a lymphadenopathy patient, and it took up to 1984, to be demonstrated distinctively to be the causative agent of AIDS. In 1981, AIDS was first recognized in the United States (Gallo and Montagnier, 2003)…
Author : schadennicolett
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Epidemology of HIV/AIDS"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Hope Over Despair - Living With HIV / AIDS
In the year 2000, there were 36.1 million people living with HIV / AIDS. [1]. Although it has never been possible to put an exact figure on the number of people suffering with this disease, but growing at the rate of "at least 10% per year" [2] , the toll is likely to be in the range of 50 million people world wide.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
HIV/AIDS Control Program
Health Program evaluation is paramount to gauge the effects of public health actions, since "effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate" (Framework for Program evaluation, 1999).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
HIV/AIDS
However, there are also CD4+cells within the central nervous system, these being the microglial cells which are of monocyte or macrophage lineage. These cells can be productively infected by HIV in vitro, and in vivo there is evidence of an HIV-induced cytopathic effect since syncytia-like, multi-nucleated cells are seen in the brains of HIV-infected individuals.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
A general introduction to HIV/AIDS
While more people are infected now than at any other time in the past AIDS has moved form being a proverbial death sentence to being, in some senses at least, a manageable disease, for at least a few years..
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
HIV/AIDS in Prison Populations
This essay will look at what society is doing to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, and whether it is enough to keep the community at large safer, once convicts are released back into society. Unfortunately in today's society, crimes are committed. As punishment for those crimes, convicted criminals are sent to jail to be taught a lesson.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
HIV/AIDS
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Biology-AIDS/HIV
The virus originated, however, in two types of monkeys which were consumed by the chimpanzees. A hybrid of the monkey virus (SIV) spread through infected chimpanzees and a mutated form was eventually transmitted to people in the form of HIV-1.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Futures market investing
The Illinois grain dealers were facing difficulties for the inventories of grain and they were short of finances. There was risk being
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT