1. The U.S. holds 25 % of the world's prison population (1), but only 5 % of the world's population. This huge number of prison population stretches the state run facilities and has given birth to the private prison industry. From just about 5 private facilities in 1987, the number of private prisons has soared to over 264 facilities housing over 99,000 inmates…
This is because with lesser and lesser Federal and State budgets for social expenditure, profit making organisations such as these are likely to generate extra money for the government through outsourcing instead of being net expenditures.
2. In the American correction system the role of jails is to confine people under lawful detention, compared to prisons where only convicted people are housed. A large proportion of the jail population is pre-trial (estimated 60 %) (3), and in this group neither punishment nor rehabilitation is the motive, it is simply detaining possible, but unproven offenders for reducing the risk to society. The rest of the jail population consists of those who have received very short sentences often for minor offences like drunken driving and petty theft. In an average 1000-bed jail, it has been estimated that the turnover rate is 36 - i.e. 36,000 pass through the system in a year.
Thus jail administrators face very different issues than the prison population. Firstly the background and health issues facing this population is largely unknown, and they must be hyper vigilant that anyone in their custody do not suddenly turn violent or develop sudden illness. ...
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(“Private Prisons Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(Private Prisons Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Private Prisons Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/292899-private-prisons.
In the state of Texas, the private prisons have been successful in generating profits and improving productivity and at the same time, maintaining law and order. However, because of the shortage of offenders, the state has to deal with empty cells and decreased profitability.
The male and female prisoners at the time were held in separate prisons and given individual prison cells. Although kept in the same prison facility, the men and women were not allowed to socialize and the women were usually imprisoned in attics.
The basic motive of this paper is to show all the factors that are causing an inflationary shift in the numbers of inmates, a pattern projected to continue into the foreseeable future. These factors include the recent emphasis placed on controlling illegal immigration, the crackdowns resulting from this lead to the swelling up of correctional facilities.
Increase in population escalates economic disparity due to strained resources (Reisig & Pratt, 2004). This causes a form of social aggressiveness that leads to crime. Legal factors are as a result of policy with a country or region. Actions considered “normal” in the past are now illegal; for instance, the smoking and possession of marijuana in some American states is illegal in contrast with the Red Indian period (Shefer & Liebling, 2008).
In America, private prisons started in 1984 when the federal and state government granted Correction Corporation of America permission to run a prison facility (America Civil Liberties Union 10-13). Hence, in 2009 there was booming number of private prison facilities in United States.
To a great extent such aspirations are valid, considering the fact that various researches and papers have time again decried the inefficiency, financial irregularities and the lack of accountability rampant in the state run facilities and institutions. Besides the privatization of the public institutions leaves the governments less burdened, thus leaving them with ample time and resources at their disposal, to take care of more pressing responsibilities and obligations.
Criminals are incarcerated in jails for a limited period of time, usually upto a year, they don't have most of the facilities that are available in prisons i.e. exercise area and library. (Bergman & Berman, 2008) .
Jails are short term facilities however due to overflow in prison population, Jails are now required to house state prisoners who are called contract prisoners, and the county jail receives a fixed amount per prisoner per day from the state or federal govt.
This thrust towards privatization seems to be relevant in the sense that time and again various private and public studies and reports have stressed upon the inefficiency, corruption and the lack of accountability rampant in the state run facilities. The disturbing question that emerges in this context is that should the sensitive and socially vital institutions like the prisons be exposed to the gross blunt of privatization Should the private corporations be allowed to handle the socially crucial institutions like prisons Pragmatically speaking, private corporations are certainly not the qualified and valid entities to be trusted with the management and administration of law and order relat
This thrust towards privatization seems to be relevant in the sense that time and again various private and public studies and reports have stressed upon the inefficiency, corruption and the lack of accountability rampant in the state run