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Australian Food and Nutrition Policy - Research Paper Example
In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are classified as vulnerable groups due to disadvantages of income, socioeconomic status, employment and education. In addition, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have changed their lifestyles and patterns of food consumption, gradually moving from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a settled Western-style existence since European colonists began to settle in Australia (Lee et al 1994)…
These diseases are now prevalent among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.
Lee et al (1994) investigated apparent per capita food and nutrient intake in six remote Australian Aboriginal communities. They found that in comparison to the rest of the Australian community, intake of sugars and sweetened soft drinks were much higher, and intake of whole grains, fruit and vegetables were much lower in Aboriginal communities. Furthermore, they found that white sugar, white flour, bread and meat provided over 50% of the apparent total energy intake for the people of these Aboriginal communities. The high intake of refined carbohydrates and the high percentage of energy intake from meat with excessive visible fat may help explain the prevalence of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Aboriginal communities. Hence there is a real need in these communities for a program that will help people modify their patterns of food consumption. A high fibre intake program is proposed to promote consumption of whole grains, vegetables and fruit in Aboriginal population, in order to reduce the prevalence of diet-related diseases.
To improve nutrition and public health ...