StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Primary Health Care in Developing Countries - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Primary Health Care in Developing Countries

Primary health care is essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them, through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford. It forms an integral part both of the country's health system of which it is the nucleus and of the overall social and economic development of the community (WHO). It values to achieve health for all and requires health systems that "Put people at the centre of health care"1. To achieve this, there is a need to understand citizen's expectation of health and health care and to see to it that their voice and choice decisively influences the way in which health services are designed and operated.
The Alma Ata Declaration in 1978 gave an insight into the understanding of primary health care. It mobilized a "Primary Health Care movement" of professionals and institutions, governments and civil society organizations, researchers and grassroots organizations that undertook to tackle the "politically, socially and economically unacceptable"2 health inequalities in all countries. It viewed health as an integral part of the socio-economic development of a country. It provided the most holistic understanding to health and the framework that States needed to pursue to achieve the goals of development. The Declaration recommended that primary health care should include at least: education concerning prevailing health problems and methods of identifying, preventing and controlling them; promotion of food supply and proper nutrition, and adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation; maternal and child health care, including family planning; immunization against major infectious diseases; prevention and control of locally endemic diseases; appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries; promotion of mental health and provision of essential drugs. It emphasized the need for strong first-level care with strong secondary- and tertiary-level care linked to it. It called for an integration of preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative health services that had to be made accessible and available to the people, and this was to be guided by the principles of universality, comprehensiveness and equity. In one sense, primary health care reasserted the role and responsibilities of the State, and recognized that health is influenced by a multitude of factors and not just the health services. It also recognized the need for a multi-sectoral approach to health and clearly stated that primary health care had to be linked to other sectors. At the same time, the Declaration emphasized on complete and organized community participation, and ultimate self-reliance with individuals, families and communities assuming more responsibility for their own health, facilitated by support from groups such as the local government, agencies, local leaders, voluntary groups, youth and women's groups, consumer groups, other non-governmental organizations, etc. The Declaration affirmed the need for a balanced distribution of available resources (WHO 1978).
Demographic, Social and ...Show more


'Primary health care' is a term that is very often used by policy makers in today's world. However, assessing and improving the quality of health care was, until recently, a low priority, both for policy makers in developing countries, and for technical agencies…
Author : dpacocha
Primary Health Care in Developing Countries essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Primary Health Care in Developing Countries"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Comment on how the US can contain its increasing health care costs What can other rapidly developing countries learn from the
This is starkly evidenced by the difference in health care costs the US spending 8,508 for every citizen, while Canada and the UK spend $ 4,522 and $ 3,405 respectively. Healthcare facilities in the US are mainly private owned with only 20% owned by the government (Neumann 49).
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Primary Mental Health Care

 A considerable amount of research in the field of prevention and promotion in mental health has been reported during recent years, but most of this research has come from the developed countries with very little from the developing countries but the patients in the need of mental health are spread through all the countries.

8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Primary Health Care in India
The underfunding of public health sector resulted in inadequate health care in country. The centralization and rigid nature of planning in public health care and poor management is the main cause of health problems in India. As the funds for family welfare and disease control are less and large part of the organized public sector health care is to deliver curative care, the lack of prevention of diseases may result in out of control in checking the spread of them.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Primary Health Care: An Impossible Dream
(WHO, 2005a) As is usually the fate of high profile conferences held in beautifully exotic and remote locations, the conference participants were inspired to establish an ambitious target of reaching the goal of "Health for All by the Year 2000." In their final declaration, the conference participants agreed on an idealistic and kilometric definition of primary health care as "care based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible through the people's full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford, in each and every stage of development, with a spirit of self-responsibility and self-determination
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
The World Health Organization View of Primary Health Care
The author states that a variety of important external constraints affect the success of the objectives and the progress of HIV/AIDS programs and compliance with WHO concepts of primary healthcare. Increased attention should be given to disease surveillance and to estimates and projections of the economic impact of HIV/AIDS.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Primary Care Health Issues
Governments have accepted their responsibility of providing a comprehensive and efficient health service for the short and long term promotion of the public’s health and well-being.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Health Care
The effects of this is notable in all sectors as the government has to be on the forefront in curbing these problems by increasing the share of budget spent on health care and this causes them to increase the level
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Explore how governmental health policies have been a catalyst for change within the management and treatment of Malaria in primary care services
Moreover, it is among the leading causes of illness in the globe, especially in tropical regions (WHO 2009). Although malaria infection is one of the leading causes of death in the world, it is treatable and manageable condition. In
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Prepare a comparison report of three countries(1:China 2:United Kingdom 3:United State) on several health related issues including GDP and health Expenditure, health workforce, health care financing, life expectance, immunization and under-5 mortality rat
This paper will focus on three countries health care economics and assess the impact of health expenditure and coverage. The paper will examine comparative analysis of UK, US and China
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Explain the different reasons why we observe low levels of intake of health micro-insurance in many developing countries
The lack of adequate information about health insurance has been the major challenge, not only in African counties, but also in China and India. The economic question still remain controversial, with study indicating that despite government offering
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us