An interest group, also known as a 'Lobby Group', 'advocacy group', 'pressure group' or 'special interest-group', is a group of supporters that are trying to control, give confidence or prevent changes in civic policy without being designated to administrative centers, often in the cause of businesses (The Minerals Council of Australia) or political affairs (Australian Refugee Lobby) (Fitzgerald, 2006). In Australia, the earliest populist and highly-influential interest group initially appeared in 1905 with the 'Australian National Defence League', latterly pursued by 'The Universal Service League' in 1915, (Mark Hearn, 8th July 2003) which grouped the administration to set up staffing and necessary armed services. The concept of an "interest" group dates from Thrasymachus's assertion in the Republic of Plato that "justice is nothing else than the interest of the stronger." (Helpman 2001) Throughout much of this discourse, Socrates and Thrasymachus discuss the proposal of interest. They locate interest hard to describe because it would come out that every person may have both self-centeredness and a communal interest, which might cause disagreement. They argue that each profession has its own interest, which is the "excellence" of that profession (Grossman and Helpman 2001).
These groups play an optimistic role owing to ...Show more