Most past research on family influences has evaluated the role of peer pressure (particularly the best friend) in predicting various types of weight-loss strategies among their girlfriends. Very little research has investigated peer influences on the eating behaviors of adolescent females or explored strategies that may be more relevant to females (weight gain, muscle increase)…
Benedikt, Wertheim, and Love (2002) and Paxton et al. (2003) found that best friends' encouragement to diet increased dieting behavior among adolescent girls. Dixon, Adair, and O'Connor (2000) also found that peer encouragement to diet (separate questions were not asked for other friends and boyfriend) was associated with both body dissatisfaction and dieting behaviors among adolescent girls. However, there was no overall association between the dieting practices of friends and those of adolescent girls, although boyfriends' dieting behavior was associated with some aspects of their girlfriends' dieting behaviors. Keel, Heatherton, Harnden, and Hornig (2001) also found that although boyfriends influenced their girlfriends' body dissatisfaction but not their eating practices, best friends had a greater influence on their girlfriends' dieting behaviors.
In contrast to these findings, Steiger, Stotland, Ghadiriam, and Whitehead (2003) found no difference among binge eaters, dieters, and no dieters in the eating concerns of family members. The authors suggested that rather than an actual eating disturbance, it may be a general tendency toward some form of psychopathology that is associated with eating disturbance among adolescent girls. A follow-up study by Steiger, Stotland, Trottier, and Ghadiriam (2000) indicated that there was some association between girlfriends' and best friends' eating concerns, but that the strongest influence on disordered eating among adolescent girls was psychopathological traits of friends. Other researchers have also reported that friends of eating-disordered adolescents did not differ from control-group friends on dietary restraint or eating disturbances (Evans & le Grange, 2003; Leon, Fulkerson, Perry, & Dube, 2003), although some studies have revealed a relationship between best friends' eating restraint and that of their girlfriends but not of their sons (Ruther & Richman, 2003; Scourfield, 2003; Thelen & Cormier, 2003).
The results from the aforementioned studies demonstrate a lack of clarity in the extent to which best friends and boyfriends may influence body satisfaction and disturbed eating among adolescent females and girls, with a particular focus on girls. Furthermore, that research has focused on weight loss but neglected consideration of strategies to gain weight and increase muscle tone. These are strategies that may be particularly relevant to adolescent females, but the impact of peer feedback on these strategies has not been explored. It is important to determine the nature of the feedback provided to adolescent females, how it differs from that provided to adolescent girls, and the impact of this feedback on weight gain and strategies to increase muscle, as well as weight loss.
Peers also seem to exert some pressure among ...
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The boy said that he was teased by his class fellows in school who pointed fingers towards his chest and sidelined him as a girl. He was too sensitive to the mockery and was starting to get into social exclusion because of that. He told me he preferred to avoid too much interaction with his class fellows because if he did not, he would be teased even more.
Observational learning undeniably forms a big chunk of the vast subject of developmental psychology and its contribution to motivating children for engaging in different sort of activities cannot be ignored. This is because children are almost always supposed to be doing what they commonly observe in their everyday lives.
Some of groups socially affected include membership and dissociative groups. Where individuals in membership groups are social cliques, or formally members in which there is no clear membership definition. On the other hand, in dissociative groups, members do not associate thus behaving adversely to the behaviors of the group (Ata, et al., 2007).
Likewise, peer pressure is also an issue in schools from time immemorial. Peer groups are very important to students - peer groups are the way that the students construct their social identity, and, once students try to break away and gain some independence from their parents, the peers become even more important to them.
For the teenager, the stakes are high, as it could mean group acceptance or group rejection. Within the group, a failure to succumb to peer pressure may result in group sanctions against the individual. Peer pressure can have dangerous outcomes as adolescents experiment with drugs, become sexually active, or act out violently in an effort to create an identity of power.
The recent rise in drug offences, unlawful activities like burglary, thefts, violence etc. among the youth can be contributed to a large extent to the peer pressure and contemporary cinema. Fashion and fast paced lifestyle are few other factors that are attractive for
Peer pressure demands that a person conforms to group norms and demonstrate his or her commitment and loyalty to other group members. This can be the pressure from their friends or those who are close whom they interact with in their daily life. In this process of peer
fers to high levels of energy and mental resilience during work, dedication is strong involvement in one’s work and the experience of enthusiasm and fulfillment.
Peer influence refers to the level of influence that a peer group, observers, as well as other individuals exert
The article under consideration deals with a rather relevant issue concerning the origins and the factors preconditioning the level of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls. This problem has been widely examined and discussed as statistical data have been showing disturbing results recently.
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