Financial considerations also come into play. In poorer parts of the world where organs are sold much of the time, the majority may not be able to afford them.
In the United Kingdom, more than six thousand persons each year wait for a donor organ to arrive in time and save their lives. They go through severe illness and painful treatment during this indefinite waiting period. There are fewer than three thousand organ transplants carried out every year. And, at least four hundred people die while waiting (Macnair 2006).
Dr. Trisha Macnair of UK reports that the South Asian, African and African-Caribbean people are three to four times more likely to need an organ donation owing to special genetic factors. However, it is not easy to find organs for them because the Asians and the Black African folks do not readily agree to organ transplantation. Only 2.4 percent of the people registered for organ donation belong to ethnic minority groups.
Dr. Macnair writes: "The best match is likely to come from someone from the same ethnic group." This is because certain genetic types are more likely to occur within particular populations and unusual blood groups often found among particular minority ethnic groups. Thence it is important for Asian and African blood and organs to be available at all times. ...