To what extent can and should the regulatory purpose underlying a challenged national measure be considered when analysing whether GATT Article III has been bre

Masters
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Download 0
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was first signed in 1947. The agreement was designed to provide an international forum that encouraged free trade between member states by regulating and reducing tariffs on traded goods and by providing a common mechanism for resolving trade disputes1…

Introduction

The most recent, the Uruguay Round, addressed issues such as tariffs, services, and the trade related aspects of intellectual property and investment measures. The Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations was signed in April 1994. The Uruguay Round agreement was approved and implemented by the U.S. Congress in December 1994, and went into effect on January 1, 1995. The implementing legislation, known as the Uruguay Round Agreements Act, was passed in December, 1994.
In any federal regime dedicated to maintaining open markets - whether it is the GATT/WTO regime to liberalize trade between WTO member states, or the European Community (EC) regime to create free trade between EC member states, or the United States regime to maintain an open market among its fifty U.S. states - experience teaches that domestic regulations enacted by member states sometimes have a negative impact on trade. In some cases the negative trade effects are unintended, but on other occasions it has been clear that member states are using domestic regulations to give local producers a competitive advantage. The WTO inherited a basic structure of policing rules from the 1947 GATT agreement. The core GATT provisions for this purpose are the two-step set of rules in Articles III and XX. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

To what extent can and should the regulatory purpose underlying a challenged national measure be considered when analysing whether GATT Article III has been bre
The most recent, the Uruguay Round, addressed issues such as tariffs, services, and the trade related aspects of intellectual property and investment measures. The Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations was signed in April 1994. The Uruguay Round agreement was approved and implemented by the U.S. Congress in December 1994, and went into effect on…
Critically reflect upon an incident situation when an individual's behaviour has challenged you.
When the TA and the helping assistant managed to reach the spot where X was throwing a tantrum as he literally wrestled with the buttons he paused for two minutes as the helping assistant asked him to stop in a loud but firm voice.…
Analysing
HSBC showcases a huge number of branches all over the world which is hard to replicate by any other financial institution.…
Purpose of Article 234
(3) Where any such question is raised in a case pending before a court or tribunal of a Member State, against whose decisions there is no judicial remedy under national law, that court or tribunal shall bring the matter before the Court of Justice.…
Non-discrimination is a Cornerstone of GATT Law
The most important trade principle was non-discrimination with regard to the treatment of trade in goods among countries. Article 1 of the GATT, states that any advantage given by a contracting party to a product of another country, must be extended unconditionally to a like product of all other contracting parties. The above article is the most favoured nation principle. A second rule of…
critically reflect upon an incident or situation when an individual's behaviour has challenged you
way from the machine and kicked it really badly.The TA was alert called the helping assistant in case any help would be required.X now made his way to the switchboard and started pushing all the buttons.This was a rare occasion as he had never demonstrated such violent behaviour.Things got worse when the situation became more and disturbing with X pushing the button of the vending machine…
Police should be trained to properly respond to those individuals who are considered mentally disturbed or mentally challenged.
A number of factors have led to the increasing interaction between police and persons with mental illness. One is that sufficient funding which is needed to grow proportionally to the increased need of these individuals is not being withheld by community support systems. Furthermore, existing crisis response services are limited in scope and are often not well-integrated. Reductions in hospital…