An employment consultant is the link between a job seeker and the company where a vacancy exists. The consultant has the unenviable job of not only matching the skill sets of the applicant with the position, but also to judge the mental make-up and socio-psychological responses of the applicant in different situations. A highly qualified and well-experienced person might be unsuitable for an opening because of his temperament. On the other hand, a lesser qualified person, but with a different temperament might be right for the job. Not everyone is capable of managing people. The person needs to be outgoing, be able to perceive the unspoken needs of the clients and co-workers. Similarly, not everyone is suited for research. A candidate might have the required qualifications, but no desire for knowledge or curiosity. In my opinion, a lesser qualified person, but with an intense desire for knowledge would be better suited for the job.
Thus, it would not be only the degrees and certificates that need to be verified during an interview, but also the attunement of the candidate for the mentioned opening. The social background of the candidate and exposure to various situations also holds a key to the candidate's behavior under different life-situations.
Then again, there could be gender differences. Aspirations and dedication to different kinds of jobs could be different in men and women. Though traditionally, men might be suited for a particular job, an enterprising woman might be able to do more justice to it. Similarly, while society might consider a particular job as "lady's job, some men might be more suitable for the same. Thus, it is the consultant's job to sense and discover these aptitudes in the candidates and offer them suitable openings.
(iii)The ways in which we look at the world, are known in the literature as "paradigms". These influence how we perceive problems and their solutions, and what we choose to research and how we research. Briefly summarise positivist, feminist and one other paradigm (choosing one from post modern, interpretive or critical). List the main differences between each. How do these differences influence approaches to social research (20 marks)
Positive Paradigm: Positivism is the view that science is objective and a study of what is real. For example, schizophrenia, when diagnosed as being caused due to