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The movement for animal rights, which is also known as animal liberation, is the concept that the basic interests of animals should be regarded with an equal eye as with humans. It promotes the fact that animal should not be treated as public property, traded or be made a part of any business transaction, but they should be treated as legal persons, with their own rights…
R.G.Frey, meanwhile, considers that the human beings have a higher value as compared to animals on account of their potential and abilities and the quality of life that they lead. However he accepts that equal pain and suffering is also suffered by animals. In Tom Regan's case for animal rights, he speaks about how animals have moral rights and if due respect is given to human beings who are not rational, such as infants or mentally challenged people, then animals should not be deprived of this right just because they cannot make rational decisions for themselves.
Utilitarianism views state that the moral worth of an action can be judged only by how it contributes to overall utility or satisfaction, that is, the outcome of an action will decide its worth. With regard to animal rights, Peter Singer and R.G.Frey were act- utilitarian. Going back to the Classical utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) believed that pleasure and suffering is equal and those who suffer or experience pleasure should also be treated as equals. ...
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