military to focus "more on readiness and on military training and operations" (Green, 1999). Recent literature supports the fact that most conservation and prevention programs in the U.S. are voluntary and consist of "near-term opportunities (voluntary and partnerships) to conserve fossil fuel, recover methane, and sequester carbon" (EPA, 2007).
Social systems in the United States provide much in the way of educating society about the effects of global warming. But, despite knowing the consequences of behaviors American's have done little to change their behaviors when it comes to conservation and global warming. One major pollutant that is causing global warming is emissions from industries and automobiles. Despite knowing that these emissions harm the environment American's still drive their automobiles with no passengers (no car pooling) because they are not willing to give up the freedom to travel when and where they want at any time. Industries barter for emissions allowances through a system that "sets limits on emissions and then allows companies to buy and sell emissions credits."(Martin, B-1). This allows the states to set emissions caps but allows heavy polluters the opportunity to buy credits rather than reduce emissions. But, the ability to sell credits not used awards industries that cut emissions.
Citizen behavCitizen behavior probably would change in response to legislation or in reaction to direct consequences. Thus, it would be in the best interest for the United States to move away from voluntary participation to mandated participation by industries. The United States is a 'throw away' society where people simply discard what they don't want as trash and use resources with little regard for the environment. And, Americans do not carpool as much as is recommended because of the inconvenience.
Another major concern caused by global warming is the effect it is having on poorer nations such as Bangladesh. This country is accustomed to spring flooding and even looks forward to it as it has replenished fields with nutrients. Unfortunately in the last few years the flooding has increased and actually caused problems for Bangladesh. Fields once replenished have been washed away from increased flooding and a larger population is being displaced by the flooding.
Behaviors that damage the environment by causing global warming can be changed by rewarding those who do make changes. Simple changes have already been put in place such as carpool lanes in major metropolitan areas. Still, these lanes are under-populated. People would be motivated to change if it really hurt them in the pocketbook such as higher gas prices or higher tolls for vehicles with only one person. But, the only people really affected would be those in the lower socioeconomic groups where cost of fuel is a big issue. Those in higher socioeconomic groups would still be able to afford drive their vehicles with single occupancy.
American cultural values include licensing and driving at age 16. It's a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood that all young adults look forward to. Although this is a recent cultural value added (in comparison to the length of time humanity has been in existence) it has had a significant effect on the