In this research I will start by analyzing the reforms that former presidents of the two countries initiated during the democratic movements and their effects on corruption, next I shall explore the role played by the religious groups and the civil society in fighting corruption and finally we shall see the effects of land reforms and its relationship with corruption.
We shall see later in the research that, anti-corruption movements in Korea started earlier even during the colonial regimes; in contrast we shall see how in the Philippines the regime did not embrace serious reforms aimed at fighting corruption
The research was done by collecting, interpreting and analyzing data and information from literature, books, internet and from Transparency International corruption index data for South Korea and the Philippines.
This research would be able to show us the true relationship between democratization and corruption. It will give us the knowledge that corruption in a country is invited by lack of enough democratization.
The correct answer is based on the reforms that the political leaders initiated during democratization and whose main objective was to curb corruption. According to Mr. Perkins (2004) the first civilian president of Korea was Kim Young-Sam (1993-97).Perkins argues that the president started far- reaching anti-corruption campaigns which to the public appeared to be genuine, the president introduced some reforms like exposure of assets by high level public officials and he amended the elections and political fund laws. ...