StudentShare solutions
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Essay example - How should WTO member states respond to the issue of access to medicines as provided for in the DOHA AGREEMENT for trips

Only on StudentShare
Undergraduate
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 16 (4016 words)
This paper traces the history of the Doha Agreement and finds solutions to the problem of accessibility pointing out weaknesses in the TRIPS Agreement. Finally, it suggests ways of how WTO member states be able to do their part in ensuring that millions of lives be saved by a steady supply of affordable…

Extract of sample

International trade in the olden days was often marked with conflicts, disputes or even violence that threatened sprouting of wars between contracting nations. Thus, the lex mercatoria or law merchant came into being to govern international trade, all international merchants and especially monopolistic chartered companies such as the East India Company, South Sea Company and the Hudson Bay Company which needed to be reined over to protect small-scale merchants . Suddenly, international commercial arbitration governed by lex mercatoria was utilised to settle international trade disputes. Here, an aritrator applied the usages and customs of international trade and the “rules of law which are common to all or most of the states engaged in international trade” . But despite this, the problem of diversity of sales laws in some 200 trading countries, forum shopping by nations in dispute, no level playing field, high transaction costs demanded that conflict rules of international law be applied to avoid rising incidents of disputes.
As international trade metamorphosed into a highly complex trade deals that involved tariffs and non-tariff barriers, dumping of goods, trade in services, trade in intellectual property, patents, trademarks, copyright rights etc., institutions designed to supervise, police and liberalise international trade as well as negotiate and implement trade agreements, had to be established. Moreover, as authors Trebilcock and Howse pointed out, there was an imperative need to regulate international trade because a favourable balance of trade had to be perpetually maintained and this meant formulating policies that encouraged aggressive exportation while at the same time restricted importation. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Important Factors to Be Considered in Job Selection Process
Important Factors to Be Considered in Job Selection Process …
9 pages (2259 words)
Brand names as loan words
The interaction of cultures and races has presented the multinational companies and their marketing strategies with the challenge of utilising “loan words” as brand names and vice versa to capture greater market shares. This paper explores not only various examples in this regard but their underlying linguistic implications and explanations. Loan words which are used as brand names are…
7 pages (1757 words)
Sport law and society
Politics, history, sociology, economy, accounting, media, entertainment, nationalism, racism, gender issues, drug abuse and unhealthy competition have all become part of almost all the sports. No doubt there are many negative aspects; but there still remain a few very positive factors in every form of sports that makes it divine even today. The pure competition, the thrill of enjoyment of playing…
14 pages (3514 words)
Memorandum for Raise Request
Memorandum for Raise Request …
3 pages (753 words)
Ancient Civilizations Governance
Ancient Civilizations Governance …
4 pages (1004 words)
Doping
In the modern international sports situations, one of the often debated issues is one that is concerning the use of performance enhancing drugs that are related with serious medical problems and their use is illegal. It is a practice against the international standards of the sports activities and is very much considered as the evil affecting the sports and games in the current sports culture.…
16 pages (4016 words)