The ideology of law enforcement field started sometime during the ancient Greek period where slave-prisoners were being used as guards of the prominent persons in several functions they attend to. The first organized structure of law enforcers started under the rule of King Louis XVI of France which was considered the largest but dangerous city of Europe that time. From then on, the development of the law enforcement organizations started to progress until the modern police organizations were given the blessing of the law to enforce the tenets of the society.
For centuries now, there have been many changes in terms of the structure of the law enforcement. Thetford (2001) stated the three major periods of technological evolution: the agricultural, industrial and information period. In terms of law enforcement, progression occurred from the agricultural to the industrial period. However, at the mark of the early information age especially during the year 1987, based on several studies (Law Enforcement News, 1999), there were very minute changes in the structure and organization. Moreover, no change was recorded in terms of centralization and decision-making.
Bureaucracy was also a growing tendency of the organization which makes it very procedural and complex. Extreme formality and hierarchy is becoming unhealthy in the said environment. The worldwide hope for a shift in this law enforcement procedures were already increasing. In the study stated by the Law Enforcement News which involved the survey for police organization's development for a span of some years, it has been found out that during the 1993 until the present, there were significant changes, although still low, regarding the decentralization of decision-making. More than that, emphasis on geographical command and authority is already being manifested. This kind of decision-making is important in such a way that it opposes bureaucracy- the formality and complexity of decision-making process. Through this, a more effective means of dealing with cases and circumstances which needs immediate action would happen. And lastly, the hierarchical structures of the law enforcement fields are already flattening. The common notion of authority is already fading as time passes which is very significant in the improvement of the structure. Empowerment is becoming blatant in the workforce and this little step is toward a big change in the field.
TECHNLOGY OF THE LAW ENFORCEMENT FIELD
Along with the noted changes in the structural and management feats of the law enforcement field, the technology of the said cluster also advances with the rest of the world. In the United States alone, the FBI has some of the most advanced technologies when it comes to law enforcement, investigation and things about the national security.
Wiring, for example, is one of the most essential and helpful tools in national law enforcement. Through wiring and computer technologies, there would be a very accurate and timely manner of reporting several incidences occurring at a certain time (US DOJ, 2004).
Another important feature of law enforcement technology is the crime mapping. Through computers and integrated databases, law enforcers would be able to map, identify and monitor crime hotspots, geographic patterns in