Margaret Atwoods Happy Endings - Book Report/Review Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Margaret Atwoods Happy Endings

In addition to the main characters, the story versions are connected by other characters, such as Madge and Fred. This helps give "Happy Endings" a sense of continuity, rather than the feeling that it is six separate stories. For example, at the end of story B, John marries Madge. In story C there is a bigger age difference between Mary and John. John is still married to Madge, and this time he has an affair with a younger Mary. In C, John and Madge are married in the beginning, but Madge ends up with Fred at the end. D is about Fred and Madge's life together. In this way, the story versions continue along an imaginary sort of time line.
In addition to the stories being connected through the characters, Atwood often refers back to story A. When she wants to show that the characters will live happily ever after until they die, she writes a line like, "everything continues as in A."(Story B) In fact, at the end of each story the characters, though not always the same characters, end up living out their lives like story A. In this way Atwood uses parallelism to call attention to the fact that the stories all end the same.
Ultimately, in all the versions of the story, the main characters die at the end. ...
Download paper


Margaret Atwood's "Happy Endings" is told in a fashion different from other short stories. Atwood tells the story as if she were a teacher showing the reader how to write a story. She directs the reader to choose a version of the story based on what kind of ending she wants the story to have…
Author : shayleeorn

Related Essays

An Examination of Intertextuality Between Alice Munros Simons Luck and Margaret Atwoods Happy Endings
Whether or not the average reader is familiar with the particulars of the hypothesis, one cannot avoid several decades of literature and culture influenced by these ideas, as they range from the daydreams of Thurber's The Secret Life of Walter Mitty to the fantastic worlds of C. S. Lewis's Narnia books. The two stories examined in this paper, Alice Munro's "Simon's Luck" and Margaret Atwood's "Happy Endings," couple the form of multiple realities with the human psychology of traditional literature. Reader's need only the latent immersion of the involved concepts that permeate the today's...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Happy Ending
Margaret deftly and almost brutally shatters this faade of "ever lasting love" disseminated by emotionally and intellectually lazy writers, who often care little about exploring the mechanisms of love and desire in a realistic context. The intention of the writer seems to be to boldly jolt her readers out of their crumpling perceptions about love, which instead of bolstering human relationships, abandon them in a bog of disillusionments and frustrations. Though initially feeling disoriented after going through this seemingly simple work, the reader ultimately emerges with a more through and...
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Fat and Happy
The essay begins by exaggerating common mistaken notions of how and why being fat is a personal, social, and medical liability, then provides evidence and examples for each to show why society developed the perception that the body defines and reflects who a person is. Facts expose and dispel the underlying viewpoint, proving fat people can be beautiful, gracious, elegant, strong, and healthy, just like you and me. The influence of these perspectives can pose a more serious health risk than fatness itself, insults and dieting "must certainly contribute to the shortening of many fat people's...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Analysis of the Kurt Vonnegut and Margaret Atwoods stories
Although many of us uphold equality as an undeniable human right, the majority have their own subjective idea of what equality means. Prior to reading Vonnegut's story, I believed that I supported equality as a principle but never considered what type of equality I believed in. Following my reading, I discovered that I believed in equality before the law and equality of opportunity but, definitely do not support economic equality and equality of capacities. Economic equality entails denying people their right to succeed, just as equality of capacities ensures that people cannot strive to...
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Margaret Fuller
However, a reflective analysis of the works and writings of this journalist, critic and women's rights activist of the American transcendental movement confirms that she is not a feminist in the true sense. Labeling Margaret Fuller as a feminist will be a mistake and, therefore, she should not be labeled as a feminist, but as a strong American woman, a spokesperson for education, proponent for not only women's rights but rights for all mankind. One of the most significant explanations of this idea can be found in Annette Kolodny's "Inventing a Feminist Discourse: Rhetoric and Resistance in...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!