Commercial Law/Case study.

Case Study
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Joan put up an order for hire of 10 light pink dresses as shown in the sample fabric show to her from 'Glitzy Costumes Co' . However, upon receiving the dresses, she found that they did not match the description of the color or fabric as ordered to the company.


As regards the application of the Sales of Goods Act, it is relevant to mention that provisions of Section 13 and 15 apply to all sales, irrespective of the seller's status but the quality and fitness provisions contained in14 (2) and 14(3) are attracted only where the seller sells "in the course of a business". Therefore, the status of the buyer does not matter. If these provisions are applied along with the provisions contained in Section 12 of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 (UCTA) whereby the seller cannot exclude or restrict his liability under the terms as against a buyer "dealing as consumer", which requires that (a) the buyer not make the contract in the course of a business, or hold himself out as so doing, (b) the seller make the contract in the course of a business and (c) the goods be of a type ordinarily supplied for private use or consumption.Therefore, it would be seen from the above that under the provisions of the both the Acts, the phrase "in the course of a business " becomes the major determining factor. The term has been subject to interpretation in two cases.
In R & B Customs Brokers Co Ltd v United Dominions Trust Ltd, (1) the Court of Appeal held that a person bought goods 'in the course of a business' for the purposes of UCTA where either (i) the purchase was an integral part of the business, or (ii) although the purchase was incidental to the business, there was a sufficient degree of regu ...
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