StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Okavango People of Botswana, Africa - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Okavango People of Botswana, Africa

The Dxeriku, Wayeyi, and Hambukushu are Bantus engaged in fishing, hunting, and raising livestock (pastoralism). The Xanekwe and Bugakwe are Bushmen, practicing hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plant foods.
Some members of these groups also live outside of Botswana in the north of Namibia, the south of Angola, and the southwestern part of Zambia. Due to the civil war of Angola and the Namibian war, the ethnic groups in these geographic areas have grown apart. The Angolan civil war has resulted with Angolan members in relative isolation.
The Bushmen (Bugakwe and Xanekwe) are also known as the San people and are the South African dwellers residing in small nomadic groups as gatherers and hunters. The other three ethnic groups are Bantus speaking the Bantu-related languages.
Subsistence strategies differ between the five ethnic groups. Xanekwe and Bugakwe are gatherers and hunters; the Bugakwe also scavenge in the swamps and the desert. The Wayeyi, Dxeriku, and Hambukushu engage in a mixture of hunting, fishing, farming, and gathering plant foods, and herding goats and cattle.
The Bugakwe males hunted with bow and poison darts, requiring great skill, and taking many days to track and hunt their prey. The hunter had to have complete familiarity with the environment and the behavior of the hunted. Children are taught to track each other at an early age, and this skill is enhanced as adults.
The male Xanakwe also hunted...
This type of hunting exists today, even though firearms were introduced in the latter part of the 1800's.
The males from all the groups are expert at fishing with hook and line, spear, nets, or bow and arrow. The men also were adept at building fences to protect their farms from wild animals. They tended the cattle, plowed the fields, made weapons, and built canoes.
The Xanekwe females collected swamp food, such as snare-caught small animals. The women were experienced in shallow-water-fishing with conical baskets (weirs). The Hambuktu, Wayeyi, and Dxeriku females were also adept at the same activities, they also worked in the fields and processed produce and grain. This encompassed weeding, planting, harvesting, separating, and processing the grain into flour using a pestle and mortar.
The children also assist with the economy depending on the ecology of the subsistence. The Xanekwe and Bugakwe chidren could only contribute minutely, because the high levels of skills needed to hunt and gather take time to acquire. The Wayeyi, Hambukushu, and Dxeriku young people contribute more since tasks take lesser time to learn. The male children can herd and tend to the goats and cattle. The young female inhabitants can perform the same agricultural tasks as the adult women.
The peoples from all the groups are involved in the economy of the market for nearly a century. The Xanekwe obtained leopard and zebra pelts with their extensive hunting skills to trade for necessities, such as clothing, axes, knives, and pots for cooking. All these groups hunted elephant for the ivory trade and also migrated to the South African mines as laborers. Internationally, the women of the Wayeyi and Hambukushu groups were ...Show more

Summary

Known as one of the world's largest inland deltas, the Okavango Delta is surrounded by the Kalahari Desert. Crocodiles and hippopotami dwell here, while buffalo and elephants visit seasonally. The African animal kingdom is plentiful, and fish abound in this tropical wetland.
Author : ernserlenora
The Okavango People of Botswana, Africa essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Okavango People of Botswana, Africa"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Human Elephant Conflict. Human Invasion Into The Wilderness
Human Elephant Conflict Human-elephant conflict has become a major hurdle in the efforts to preserve the endangered animals. At present, wild elephants are present in nearly 50 nations around the world out of which 13 nations are in Asia and 37 in Africa.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Tourism Management
It is growing rapidly and most of the national and regional governments encourage the growth of tourism in their countries so as to support the economic growth of their region. In context of the poorer countries, tourism is seen as a means of promoting rapid development.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Botswana and a Dutch Disease
In line with this, several authors explained that a constantly increasing exportation of natural resources (i.e. discovery of natural gas, oil, mining of diamonds, gold, copper, etc.), remittances from overseas workers or incoming of foreign aids can lead to a significant increase not only in the revenue but also in the aggregate demand for traded and non-traded commodities (Pearson 2011; Rodrick and Rosenzweig 2010).
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
High Mortality Rate - Bostwana
This makes it a good study resource for the analysis for high mortality rate. The economy of a country, political stability and its demography are directly related to population growth thus the provision of medical care as well as earth services. High mortality rate is influenced by poor medical services and economic instability of a particular state.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
International Business of Botswana Country
Seventy percent of the land is covered by Kalahari Desert in the southwest of the country with salt ranges in the north (Botswana, 2007). Botswana is a pure democratic nation which practices fair elections every time. The consistency in the political system of the country, with its general elections taking place after every five years, depicts a true positive picture for its prosperity and economic development (Background Note: Botswana, 2007).
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
The Importance of Africa as a Civilization and People
The first thought that comes to the mind when the word Africa is heard is that it is the Dark Continent. This mistaken perception leads to believe that it is a land full of forests, fierce tribes, poisoned arrows, wild animals, and huge reptiles. Of all the continents, Africa provides the longest, deepest record of the human past.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Comparison/contrast of two different cultures
The groups are Hambukushu, Dxeriku, Bugakwe, Wayeyi, and Xanekwe. There have been surprisingly few anthropological studies among these groups. The
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Black people in south africa in the 90 s
And yet even the most protracted political and social stalemate in Africa was eventually able to change. Today in 2009 it would be inconceivable to try and claim that South Africa has not dramatically changed since the first multiracial elections held in 1994 (South
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Democratic Practices in Botswana

According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that social, economic and political: in each of these three fields, he has introduced a great deal of reform but the continuity or success of Botswana democracy could have been stopped unless the system of multiparty election and political liberalism would not have been encouraged.  

19 pages (4750 words) Essay
Africa
The end of the cold war resulted in a lot of changes in Africa. The reason behind this is because Africa was no longer of interest since fears of whether it would fall into the United States of America’s
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment