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FARC - Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - Essay Example
The Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarios de Colombia (FARC) is one of the largest and most well organized rebel military forces operating in the world today. Based in Columbia, South America it has reached a global level of influence through its worldwide cooperation with other terrorist groups around the world…
It may be an individual, a group, an organization, or a country that funds and advocates terrorism. Terrorism must use misappropriated violence or the threat of violence against the civilian populace to alarm or intimidate a government. The Unites States Department of Defense further defines terrorism as, "...violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives" (Beres n.d.). The activities of FARC in recent decades have seen the graduation from a rebel army fighting a right wing government to an organization that routinely attacks civilian targets and uses violence indiscriminately. A study of the history and structure of FARC can illustrate the strategic changes an organization can go through when faced with frustration in the political arena.
FARC, commonly referred to as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, saw its beginnings in 1948 during the period in Colombia known as La Violencia (The Violence) which lasted from 1948 until 1958 (Garcia, 2002). 'The Violence' was initiated by the assassination of the progressive liberal presidential candidate George Eliecer Gaitan, a leader who had taken up the cause of the landless peasants in Columbia. ...