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Legislative Supremacy of Parliament and the Separation of Powers
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Before giving introduction of parliament, I should have a precise knowledge of constitution i.e. what is constitution A constitution is a written document in codified form used for governance, which throws the light on the rules and principles of a political entity…
Constitution in a codified form is one which is written or contained in a single document and is a single source of law in a state. There are 3 types of constitution:-
2) Entrenchment - It is the second fundamental feature of constitution. It tells us whether the constitution is legally protected from modification without a procedure of constitutional amendment or not. The procedure of modifying a constitution is called amending. Amending an entrenched constitution requires wider acceptance.
3) Distribution of sovereignty - Sovereignty means right to have a full control over a governance's area by a group of people or an individual. Sovereignty is an important part of constitution and it is located or seen in a state. There are three types of distribution of sovereignty:
4) Separation of powers - Constitution usually explicitly divides power between various branches of government. The standard model, described by Baron de Montesquieu, involves three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. Constitutions vary extensively between these branches.
5) Lines of accountability - This feature of constitution explain that who is accountable to whom. In other words we can say that who has the right or the supreme power to appoint or dismiss the ministers.
Parliamentary supremacy or legislative supremacy is a well known concept in law that applies to parliamentary democracies. ...
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