On the other hand, hydroelectricity which depends on the water for production of power has been affected by the chaining volume of water due to the changing climate. This has prompted many countries to look for alternative sources of power to satisfy their energy demand. Notable nuclear power and other renewable sources like wind and solar energy are slowly being accepted in the world as alternative sources of reliable and environmental friendly energy.
Canada has a long history of electricity planning can be traced to the 1906 Ontario public electricity utility. Ontario Hydro Electric Commission in 1925 which was later renamed Ontario Hydro construction one of the largest hydroelectric power plant in Queesnton Chippawa. This power plant was able to meet the electricity power demand for the country until the post war economic expansion period from 1950s. However there was constant expansion of the hydroelectricity power utility to match the rising demand. For the entire period, electricity as coming from the hydroelectric power which was made up of many smaller systems and therefore it was easy to manage
However, as the post war economy expanded, the country started facing power shortages and there were management problems in the efficiency of the existing hydroelectric power plants. ...
his period there were about twenty power reactors which were launched situated at Pickering where there were 8 reactors, Bruce where there were 8 reactors, and at Darlington where there were 4 reactors. This means that there were more efforts towards the production of efficient power for the energy efficiency of the country.
During the same period, the power corporation Act requested Ontario Hydro which had been renamed HEPCO in 1972 to draw upon plans which would enable it to provide "power at cost". This was soon to rise to the culture of the country. The unit was not then expected to pay tax and in return it was not expected to generate profits. It was to provide affordable power to the people. In 1989, Ontario Hydro then come up with Demand and supply Plan (DSP) reports which was dubbed "Providing the Balance of Power". This plan was expected to fill the power gap by building more nuclear and coal-fired power generation plants. However this was then subjected to Environment Assessment Act in 1992.
This study will look into the environment assessment impact of the project to determine its viability. The paper will look at the role that nuclear power can play to ensure that it addresses the power demands in the region. The study will look at the energy plan and other related matter like safety, efficiency, cost and the overall impact on the environment to understand if this is the real path that Ontario should follow.
Aim of the research
There are a number of countries which have adopted the use of nuclear energy as source of power to achieve energy efficiency. However there have been mixed results from the efficiency in the use of nuclear power with argument of the overall high cost of maintenance, security threats, enrichment to produce nuclear weapons,