StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Cancer Treatment - Research Paper Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Cancer Treatment

The choice for treatment depends on factors such as location, degree of severity, grade of tumour and the general state of the patient. In essence, the goal of cancer treatment is to remove or destroy the malignant cells without excessive damage to the body.
Surgical treatment involves surgical excision of a tumour or an entire organ but the propensity of cancer cells to microscopically metastases makes it effective only in localized small cancers such as breast and prostate tumours. Radiation therapy can come in the form of radiotherapy, X-ray therapy and irradiation and uses ionizing radiation to kill cancer cells. This kind of therapy is used for the treatment of cancers of the brain, cervix, larynx, breast, lung, pancreas, skin, prostate, stomach, uterus or soft tissue sarcomas. It is also used in the treatment of leukemia and lymphoma. Chemotherapy involves the treatment of cancer with cytotoxic drugs that can have many effects specifically geared towards the elimination of cancer cells. One of the effects of the drugs is to interfere with cell division by hindering the duplication of DNA and the separation of chromosomes. The anticancer drugs travel through the bloodstream making it useful for cancers that have spread. Leukemias and lymphomas and cancer of the testicles can be treated with chemotherapy but breast, colorectal, lung and prostate cancer cannot be cured by chemotherapy alone. Monoclonal antibody therapy involves the administration of antibodies that bind to a protein on the surface of the cancer cells. Anti-HER2/neu antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin) and the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab are examples of this type of treatment. Immunotherapy makes use of a variety of strategies to enhance the immune system of patients. Examples of these include interferons and cytokines for renal cell carcinoma and melanoma and intravesical BCG. The most common combination of cancer treatment is surgery or radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy.
There are many factors that determine the effectiveness of each method but there is increasing preference for combined modalities. This includes not only the physical uniqueness of the patient but also the socioeconomic limitations of the patient and the state which may be sponsoring the treatment. It is quite well known that cancer treatment is a financially challenging enterprise.

2.0 Research Aim
The financial cost of treatment varies according to the degree of treatment required and the goal of the research to be conducted is to determine whether price differentials have an effect in morbidity and mortality in cancer treatment. To be specific, the inquiry would look into whether costlier procedures would to lead better results which would be taken as the lowering or eliminating the cancerous cells in the patient's body.

3.0 Methodology
As previously mentioned, there is an increasing trend towards multidisciplinary treatment of cancer implying that there could be difficulties in comparing efficiency and effectiveness due to the overlapping of treatment. There are also many forms of cancer which further compounds the complexity of the issue. These concerns necessitate the need to define and limit the scope of the ...Show more

Summary

Cancer is defined to be a group of diseases wherein cells become malignant, multiply abnormally and destroy normal cells in the process. The disease differs from benign tumours because it is metastatic or can spread to other locations of the body. Cancer affects people of all ages but tends to more prevalent as people age…
Author : damariswilderma
Cancer Treatment Research Paper essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Cancer Treatment Research Paper"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Colonrectal Cancer Research Paper
al. 2011). Specifically, about 72% of cases arise in the colon and about 28% in the rectum. Modifiable and non- modifiable risk factors are associated with this type of cancer and are seen as the backbone of its preventive measures. Actually, colorectal cancer is a preventable type of cancer and is often treatable especially when diagnosed at an early stage.
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper
It is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in men and women. According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 43,920 new cases and 37,390 deaths will occur in the United States in 2012 as a result of pancreatic cancer. This disease has been increasing at a rate of 1.5% every year with a survival rate of only 4% in patients five years after diagnosis.
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
Cancer Biology Research Paper
There are several reasons why a person is inflicted with this disease though a very definitive cause has not been established for all cancers and it is also known that not all forms of tumors are malignant and dangerous. When cancer really spread in the body, they may also enter through the lymphatic system or bloodstream to sites other than the major organ where these cells lie (Cairns et al 2011).
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper
The limited availability of the management options also add to the misery of medical physicians trying to combat with this deadly disease along with the patients. Much research has been conducted to understand the exact mechanisms involved in the development of malignant cells.
8 pages (2000 words) Research Paper
Thyroid Cancer Research Paper
Thus, thyroid gland is vitally involved in the metabolic and growth regulation of the body (Norman, 2009). Thyroid cancer or carcinomas is rare however, its prevalence rates are increasing. Incidence: Research indicates about 75% of the population having thyroid nodules, yet not all nodules are cancerous.
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Testicular Cancer
Nearly 7,500-8,000 new cases of testicular cancer are reported each year in the United States whereas this figure is roughly 2,000 in the United Kingdom (Cancer Facts & Figures 2010; Testicular cancer statistics). For a man, the risk of developing testicular cancer over his lifetime is approximately 1 in 250.
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Evidence-Based Practice Implementation in the Treatment of Breast Cancer
This paper contains a summary of an implementation of an EBP guideline for breast cancer patient care and the subsequent evaluation of the effect of its implementation. Various barriers to the complete adaptation of EBP are also examined and some solutions were presented. EBP application towards renal failure was also explored.
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Colon cancer
Colon cancer is mainly caused by lifestyle of individuals and their age, poor lifestyles and eating habits especially those in the developed world lead to the increased risk of getting colon cancer, in addition, individuals who are advanced in their age, from 50 years are also at a higher chance of contracting the disease.
8 pages (2000 words) Research Paper
Regulation of cancer cell proliferation using siRNA tchnology
Recent studies have proposed the existence of an extraordinary small sub-population of cancer cells which act as tumor-instigating cells or the
9 pages (2250 words) Research Paper
Cancer Research and Funding
Cancer has the ability to spread fast to almost all parts of the body through the lymphatic system and the blood stream, which are its main transport channels (Langwith 94). Considering the severity of
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation